Flashcards in Cardiovascular Health Lecture 2.1 : Preventing Genetic Destiny Deck (11):
What is a polygene?
A set of genes that collectively give a certain phenotype.
What are the compnents of a phenotype? Give percentages.
-About 50% from genes.
-About 25% from a shared environment (diet, family and lifestyle influence).
-About 25% from individual environment.
What are two genetic factors in genetic architecture? Explain both of them.
Rare coding sequences - less than 1/1000. Affects the coding sequence.
Non-coding variants - very common, most, if not all, people have them
Give an example of the two genetic factors using high blood pressure as a parameter.
Rare coding variant - 5mmHg difference - 1/2000
Do non-coding DNA sequences affect phenotype?
Yes, via epigenetics.
What are changes in the body usually a consequence of?
Genes switching on and off at different times.
Can high blood pressure be passed on?
Will individuals who inherit high blood pressure have high or low renin levels?
Low renin levels, as their parents do.
What does having high blood pressure with high renin levels indicate?
What do subjects with the highest blood pressure have?
High renin levels.