Cardiovascular Probs Flashcards Preview

EMS 2 > Cardiovascular Probs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Probs Deck (14):
1

CAD- Sx

- Chronic, stable angina
- Tight, squeezing
- Midsternal, radiates to L arm, shoulder
- Angina at rest
- Retrosternal chest pain refractive to NG

2

CAD- Dx

- EKG
- Troponin

3

CAD- Tx

- Ballon angioplasty
- Stent
- CABG

4

Vascular heart disease- Sx

- Dyspnea at rest
- Murmurs
- Fatigue
- Palpable thrills

5

Vascular heart disease- Dx

- Echo

6

Vascular heart disease- Tx

- Surgical valve repair

7

Thoracic aortic aneurysm- Sx

- Asymptomatic until rupture
- Crushing chest pain radiating to back and flank

8

Thoracic aortic anuerysm- Dx

CT with contrast

9

Abdominal aortic aneurysm- Sx

- Palpable, pulsitile abd mass
- Asymptomatic until ruptured
- Tender to palpation

10

Abdominal aortic aneurysm- Dx

- US

11

Abdominal aortic aneurysm- Tx

- Endovascular repair with grafting

12

Mesenteric ischemia- Sx

Severe, poorly localized abd pain
- Unresponsive to opiates
- Pain out of proportion
- N/V/D
- Shock and peritonitis

13

Mesenteric ischemia- Dx

- Arteriography

14

Mesenteric ischemia- Tx

- Resection of gut and mesentery
- Tx within 12 hrs