What is the leading cause of death in the US?
What percentage of adults meet guidelines from physical activity?
What percentage of people meet the definition for an ideal health diet?
Less than 1% adults
Virtually no kids
Percentage of current smokers
~20% of adults
Same in kids grades 9-12
Percentage of US adults who are overweight or obese
68% of adults
32% of kids
How many adults are HTN?
How many adults have high cholesterol?
How many adults have DM?
7.1 million undiagnosed
Risk factor that should be screened for regularly
Risk Factors that should be screened for at each routine visit
Risk factors that should be screened for at least every 2 years
pulse (looking for Afib)
Risk factors that should be screened for at least every 5 years
Fasting lipoprotein profile
Lifestyle modification and risk intervention
salt intake less than 6g NaCl 2.4 of Na/day
Vigorous exercise at least 30 min/day, 3days/week
Limit alcohol consumption to 2 or less for men, 1 or less for women
Eat at least 3,500mg dietary K+/day
Eat diet rich in fruits/veggies with low fat dairy products
Reduce total fat, especially saturated fats
Aggressive management of treatable medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia
Conversion of A fib to NSR
What is the number one health indicator?
At lesat 150 minutes/week of moderate exercise
75 minutes per week vigorous exercise
Easy to remember: 30 min a day 5X a week
Why is it important for clinicians to recommend lifestyle modifications to patients?
Patients are more likely to listen to white coats