Cardiovascular Wellness and Prevention (HP) Flashcards Preview

Cardiology > Cardiovascular Wellness and Prevention (HP) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Wellness and Prevention (HP) Deck (16):
1

What is the leading cause of death in the US?

Cardiovascular Disease 

2

What percentage of adults meet guidelines from physical activity?

20.7%

3

What percentage of people meet the definition for an ideal health diet? 

Less than 1% adults

Virtually no kids

4

Percentage of current smokers

~20% of adults 

Same in kids grades 9-12

5

Percentage of US adults who are overweight or obese

68% of adults 

32% of kids

6

How many adults are HTN?

76.4 million

7

How many adults have high cholesterol?

98.8million

8

How many adults have DM?

18.3million diagnosed 

7.1 million undiagnosed

9

Risk factor that should be screened for regularly

Family Hx

10

Risk Factors that should be screened for at each routine visit 

smoking 

diet 

alcohol 

physical activity 

11

Risk factors that should be screened for at least every 2 years

blood pressure 

BMI 

waist circumference 

pulse (looking for Afib)

12

Risk factors that should be screened for at least every 5 years

Fasting lipoprotein profile 

Fasting glucose

13

Lifestyle modification and risk intervention 

  • optimal weight 
  • salt intake less than 6g NaCl 2.4 of Na/day 
  • Vigorous exercise at least 30 min/day, 3days/week
  • Limit alcohol consumption to 2 or less for men, 1 or less for women 
  • Eat at least 3,500mg dietary K+/day
  • Eat diet rich in fruits/veggies with low fat dairy products
  • Reduce total fat, especially saturated fats
  • Smoking cessation 
  • Aggressive management of treatable medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia 
  • Conversion of A fib to NSR

14

What is the number one health indicator? 

Regular Exercise 

15

Exercise Recommendations 

At lesat 150 minutes/week of moderate exercise 

OR 

75 minutes per week vigorous exercise 

Easy to remember: 30 min a day 5X a week

16

Why is it important for clinicians to recommend lifestyle modifications to patients?

Patients are more likely to listen to white coats