✅Case Study - Caracas Local Hazards Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ✅Case Study - Caracas Local Hazards Deck (36)
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1

Where is Caracas?

Venezuela

2

How does infrastructure make Caracas vulnerable?

Infrastructure is poor and run across seismic faults

3

How many main water pipes run across a seismic fault?

3

4

How many people live per km2 in barrios?

25,000/km2

5

How is the population of the city growing?

Rapidly, 3.1% per year

6

Why may the main bridge have to be rebuilt?

Due to a slip in the plates

7

What is a major inequality in Caracas?

Economic, unequal wealth

8

Is there any planning around hazards in the city?

No, and none in the country as a whole

9

What is the issue with the government in Caracas?

There is a lack of stability

10

What hazards is Caracas exposed to?

Tropical storms
Earthquakes
Drought
Cyclones
Sea level rise
Landslide/rockfall

11

What are social class divisions reflected by?

The occupancy of residential areas

12

How did members of the upper class gain wealth?

Through sale of land and real estate

13

Where do the upper class live?

On the Eastern margins of the valley and the Caribbean coast

14

What do the upper class homes avoid?

Landslide and earthquake risk

15

Where do lower class people live?

In hillside shanty towns overlooking the West and South

16

How do building regulations differ between the city centre and shanty towns?

On the hillside there are no building regulations and no means of escape, everything would be destroyed. In city centre, international building regulations and flat land provides safety

17

What is high in Caracas?

Unemployment

18

What percentage of Venezuela's GDP is based on oil sales?

50%

19

What has the city focused its service in?

Banks, NGOs and shops

20

How do planned responses vary around the city?

Each company has its own individual planned responses, rather than city wide, common plans

21

What are the areas most at risk in Caracas?

Transportation and utilities as well as squatter settlements

22

Which university recently developed a framework plan for building disaster resilience?

Columbia Univeristy

23

What are the immediate disaster avoidance goals?

Strengthening critical infrastructure, housing stock and emergency services

24

What are the more intermediate goals?

Upgrading fragile housing units, creating detailed hazard maps and incorporating disaster education into cultural activities

25

What are the long term goals?

A fully redundant transport and water delivery framework, establishing legitimate land title for squatters and re-locating critical facilities

26

Which plate boundary is Caracas located on?

The South American and Caribbean boundary

27

At what rate are the plates moving?

2cm/year

28

How is flooding risk increased by the environment?

The steep slopes of the valley decrease movement time of run off

29

How could Caracas be cut off from the rest of the world in a major event?

If the single highway that links it to the airport and seaport is damaged. It is located in steep, landslide prone valleys.

30

What is the preferred hazard response by the government?

Risk zoning, due to lack of funds