Case Study: China GHG Emissions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Case Study: China GHG Emissions Deck (26)
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1

Timeline: Pre 1970s

Rural economy
Dependent on biofuels (timber, animal waste)
Controlled 1% of world's exports

2

CO2 emissions in 1899

26000 tonnes

3

CO2 emissions in 1950

21,465,000 tonnes

4

CO2 emissions in 1970

210,422,000 tonnes

5

Timeline: 1978

Policy U-turn
Movement from command economy to a free market

6

Timeline: 1980s until today

Industrialisation + urbanisation
Biggest population movement in history
Economic progress raised average incomes from $299 GDP per capita in 1980 to $12,763 GDP per capita in 2012
Controls 12% of world's exports

7

Huge indigenous coal reserves

3rd largest to US + Russia

8

How much energy does coal provide?

2/3

9

How much coal is consumed a year?

1845 million tonnes - as much as the rest of the world combined

10

What was economic development and industrialisation driven by?

Massive energy consumption

11

Unaffected by?

International protocols like Kyoto

12

How much did carbon emissions rise by between 2000-2014?

2.5 X

13

Aim to reduce CO2 emissions by...?

40% from 2005 to 2020 - little chance of success

14

2014 energy mix

65% coal
20% oil
9% HEP and renewables
5% natural gas
1% nuclear

15

Lin Fen, Shaxi Provence, West of Beijing

Dirtiest place on earth

16

Lin Fen, Shaxi Provence, West of Beijing

1 day breathing the air = smoking 3 packs of cigarettes

17

Shaxi provence produces the most what in China?

Coal - coal trucks travel in and out the city all day

18

The sun sets how early in Lin Fen?

20 minutes due to permanent smog

19

What kind of illnesses are common in Lin Fen?

High blood pressure and heart + lung disease

20

Agricultural production in Lin Fen reduced by how much due to crops dying?

1/3

21

How many lakes polluted in Lin Fen?

90%

22

How many of the world's dirtiest cities are in China?

16/20

23

How many Chinese cities can't meet air quality standards?

70%

24

What was wrong with the attempts to clean air for the Beijing Olympics?

Solutions were short term e.g. temporarily closing factories

25

What do America and TNCs benefit from?

Cheap labour

26

China is what?

The world's leading polluter