Case Study: Rebranding in Barcelona Flashcards Preview

OCR A Level Geography > Case Study: Rebranding in Barcelona > Flashcards

Flashcards in Case Study: Rebranding in Barcelona Deck (69)
Loading flashcards...
1

How long has the site been occupied for?

2000 years - originally a Roman settlement, then a medieval city with a dense network of streets

2

12th - 14th centuries

capital of the Kingdom of Aragon

3

15th century

well-known port

4

19th century

industrialisation brought cotton, cork, iron, steel, shipbuilding, and wine.

5

How did the city grow outwards?

The housing was too compact and led to poor health so the medieval walls were knocked down.

6

19th century population growth

115,000 to 500,000

7

population in 1930

1 million

8

Where is Barcelona located?

The Mediterranean coast in NE Spain, 125 km from the French border.

9

current population

1.6 million - Spain's second largest city

10

What is it the centre of in Spain?

industry and commerce

11

How many of Spain's exports originate from Barcelona?

1/4

12

What are the main exports?

textiles, precision instruments, machinery, railway equipment, paper, glass, plastics

13

How many visitors does Barcelona receive each year?

7-8 million

14

What is Barcelona the capital of?

Catalonia

15

What did the city have close links to?

Paris and cultural movements like Art Noveau

16

When did the Catalan language return?

Late 19th century

17

What happened when civil war broke out in 1936?

Barcelona became the centre of Republican opposition to the Nationalists.

18

When did the nationalists take Barcelona?

1939

19

What happened when Nationalists took Barcelona?

Catalan culture was repressed. It lost its vibrant spirit and became a run down port city.

20

What happened when the Nationalist's leader General Franco died in 1975?

The Barcelona renaissance began

21

El Raval: Why was rebranding needed?: population

until recently this was one of the most densely populated areas in the world

22

El Raval: Why was rebranding needed?: Industries

textile, brick making, abattoirs, tanning

23

El Raval: Why was rebranding needed?: Tenement blocks

Housed workers in the nearby factories

24

El Raval: Why was rebranding needed?: Why were the tenement blocks built several storeys high?

To maximise space, as Barcelona was still tightly contained in the medieval walls

25

El Raval: Why was rebranding needed?: Health in the tenement blocks

They were essentially high rise slums. Toilets and a tap were shared in the courtyard of each block. Epidemics were frequent and the death rate was high - many died in their late teens.

26

El Raval: Why was rebranding needed?: Barrio Chino (chinatown)

Immigrants first settled here due to cheap lodgings and easy access to informal employment by the docks. The area was known for organised and petty crime, prostitution, and drug dealing.

27

El Raval: Rebranding strategies: North and South

Different strategies

28

El Raval: North Rebranding strategies: Flagship cultural buildings

Museum of Contemporary Art and the Contemporary Cultural Centre. Both have international reputations.

29

El Raval: North Rebranding strategies: Streets

Art galleries, coffee and wine bars, restaurants, high quality food shops.

30

El Raval: North Rebranding strategies: Gentrification

the process of renovating and improving a house or district so that it conforms to middle-class taste