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Nclex Review > Casts & Traction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Casts & Traction Deck (20):
1

Upon what do you support a cast while it dries?

Pillows

2

How long does it take a cast to dry?

24hrs

3

Should you cover a wet cast?

No

4

What should you use to help dry a cast?

Fan

5

What signs and symptoms would you report if try were present after cast application?

Numbness and tingling, Burning, Pallor, Unqualified or absent pulses, Unequal coolness

6

If there is inflammation under a cast, it will be evident in a ___spot.

"hot"

7

To prevent irritation of the skin near the edges of a cast the edges should be___.

Petaled-

8

What type of cast causes cast syndrome?

A body cast

9

What's cause cast syndrome?

Anxiety and stress leading to sympathoadrenal shut down of the bowel

10

What is the #1 symptom in cast syndrome

N&V, due to bowel obstruction

11

What is the #1 treatment of cast syndrome

NPO, and NG tube for decompression

12

A dry cast is___,____,___?

White,Shiny, Resonant to percussion

13

Traction is used to____ a fracture, relieve____ ___ and prevent def_____.

Reduces and immobilize
Muscle spasm
Deformities

14

Can skin traction be removed for skin care?

Yes, but not from a skeletal traction

15

Name 3 types of skin traction?

Bucks- most commonly used in hip fracture in adults, turn to unaffected side

Bryant's- most commonly used in fracture in children

Pelvic- the bed should be semi-fowlers with knee gatched


16

Name 3 types of skeletal traction

Cranial tongs, Thomas splints with peason attchments, 90 to 90 degree

17

To unsure Bryant's traction is working the child's hip/sacrum should be____.

Off the bed enough to slip a hand between the sacrum and the bed

18

What is the advantage of the balancer counteraction?

You can easily move the patient around in bed

19

Patients in Russell's traction are particularly prone to____.

Thrombophlebitis

20

What part of your hand do you use to handle a wet cast?

The palm