Causes of Cardiopulmonary Arrest Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD4 ALS > Causes of Cardiopulmonary Arrest > Flashcards

Flashcards in Causes of Cardiopulmonary Arrest Deck (9):
1

What are some causes of airway obstruction?

○ CNS depresion
○ Foreign body
§ Solid
§ Blood
§ Vomit
○ Direct trauma
○ Infection
○ Inflammation
○ Laryngospasm

2

How do you treat airway obstruction?

- high flow O2
- head tilt, chin lift, jaw thrust
- simple adjuncts - oropharyngeal or nasal airways
- advanced techniques - supraglottic airway device, tracheal tube

3

What is an approach to breathing problems?

Lung
- asthma
- infection
- acute exacerbation of COPD
- PE
- APO
- Pneumothorax
- Haemothorax
Heart
- Heart failure
- Tamponade
CNS
- Spinal cord injury
- Narcotics
Anatomical
- Obesity

4

What is the RATES approach to assessing breathing?

R - Respiratory Rate
A - Auscultate chest
T - Trachea
E -
S - SpO2

5

Treatment of breathing problems?

- High flow oxygen
- Support breathing
- bag-valve-mask
- sit up
- Treat cause

6

What is an approach to circulatory problems?

The bucket
- Pump
- structural
- valvular
- electrophysiological
- Hole in the bucket
- Bucket is too large
-
Or
Hypovolaemia
Cardiogenic
Obstructive
Distributive
Other

7

What are the 4H's and 4T's?

Hypoxia
Hypovolaemic
Hypo/hyperkalaemia and other metabolic problem
Hypo/hyperthermia

Tension pneumo
Tamponade
Toxins
Thrombosis

8

Treatment of circulation problems?

Oxygen
Position the patient
IV/IO access, take bloods
Fluid challenge
Treat cause

9

Causes of disability?

Hypoxia
Drugs
- prescribed and recreational
Hyper/hypoglycaemia
Intracranial haemorrhage
Cerebral hypo-perfusion
Hypothermia