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Biology National 5 Unit 1 > Cell Biology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cell Biology Deck (14)
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1

What organelles does an animal cell have?

- cytoplasm
- nucleus
- ribosome
- mitochondria
- cell membrane

2

What organelles does a plant cell have?

- cytoplasm
- nucleus
- ribosome
- mitochondria
- cell membrane
- chloroplast
- vacuole
- cell wall

3

What are plant cell walls made of

cellulose

4

What organelles does a yeast cell have?

- cytoplasm
- nucleus
- ribosome
- mitochondria
- cell membrane
- cell wall

5

What organelles does a bacteria cell have?

- cell wall
- cell membrane
- plasmids
- ribosome
- large circular DNA molecule
- cytoplasm

6

What are the functions and properties of the cell wall?

freely permeable, supports and strengthens cell

7

What are the functions and properties of the cell membrane?

Selectively permeable , double layer of lipids and proteins molecules, controls what enters and leaves the cell

8

What are the functions and properties of the cytoplasm?

Fluid, chemical reaction site

9

What are the functions and properties of the mitochondria?

aerobic respiration, most of the cell's ATP are produced there

10

What are the functions and properties of the chloroplast?

photosynthesis occurs and sugar is produced

11

What are the functions and properties of the vacuole?

contains solution of salts and sugars (cell sap), water storage and maintenance of turgor

12

What are the functions and properties of the ribosome?

amino acids are connected there to produce proteins

13

What are the functions and properties of the plasmids?

small circular DNA, that contains genes that help cell to function

14

What are the functions and properties of the nucleus?

DNA stored as chromosomes and controls cell activities