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Flashcards in Cell parts flash cards Deck (23):
1

Nucleus

Contains DNA

2

Cell Membrane

The barrior between the inside of a cell and cell's environment

3

Cell Wall

A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support for the cell

4

Chloroplasts

Organelles in plant and algae cells in which photosythesis takes place

5

Mitochondia

The site of cellular respiration

6

Ribosome

Organelles that make proteins which are building materials for the cells

7

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Allows for the transport of cellular materals

8

Golgi Complex

Packages materials to be transported throught out the cell

9

Vacuoles

Stores water in the cell

10

Cytoplasm

Fluid that the organelles are set in

11

Lysosome

Digests waste products in a cell

12

Diffusion

Movement of particles from higher to a lower density

13

Osmosis

The diffusion of water through a semi-permeable membrane

14

Passive Transport

The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use of energy

15

Active Transport

The movement of substances across a cell membrane that requires energy

16

Cell Cycle

Life cycle of a cell

17

Mitosis

the process of cell divison that produces 2 cells with equal number of chromosomes

18

Chromosomes

Structures found in cell's nucleus that contains the DNA

19

Interphase

Before mitosis begins, the chromosomes are copied

20

Prophase

The membrane of the nucleus dissolves and the chromosomes thicken

21

Metaphase

The chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell

22

Anaphase

The chromosomes pull apart and move to opposite sides of the cell

23

Telophase

A membrane forms around each new nucleus