Flashcards in Cell Structure and Function Deck (16):
Name the three major components of the cell.
The plasma membrane, the nucleus, and the cytoplasm
Which organelle is responsible for ATP production?
Which organelle in the cell produces lipids, stores calcium and is reaponsible for detox functions?
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
What cellular structure houses the DNA that controls the function of the cell?
What cellular structure is responsible for ribosome production?
How is the rough endoplasmic reticulum related to the Golgi complex in terms of function?
The Golgi complex receives proteins from the Rough "ER" then modifies, packages, and sorts the proteins for delivery to other organelles.
Which (2) organelles produce proteins?
Ribosomes (2 types) and Rough "ER"
What is the function of the cytoskeleton?
It provides the internal framework that gives the cell its unique shape, comprised of a system of fibers and tubules that anchor organelles and form compaetments and passageways
What is the liquid portion of the cytoplasm called?
What structure in the cell is composed mostly of a phospholipid bilayer?
Cholesterol is vital for the structural integrity of what cellular structure?
Name the two major phases of the Cell Cycle.
Interphase and the Mitotic (M) phase
Name the three phases of interphase.
G1 phase, S phase, and G2 phase
Name the process of the division of the cytoplasm in the M phase of the cell cycle.
Cytokinesis (which begins in Anaphase and ends in Telephase)
In what phase of mitosis do the chromosomes split apart?