Cells, Tissues, & Cancer (Chapter 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cells, Tissues, & Cancer (Chapter 3) Deck (37):
1

permanent loss of structural organization in a tissue

anaplasia

2

abnormal tissue development

dysplasia

3

increase in the number of cells in a tissue, other than via tumor development

hyperplasia

4

spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor

metastasis

5

improvement or absence of signs of disease

remission

6

Adeno-Ca: malignant tumor of glandular epithelial tissue

adenocarcinoma

7

benign tumor of glandular epithelial tissue

adenoma

8

noninvasive, slow-growing tumor (not malignant)

benign

9

disease characterized by aggressive, unregulated growth of abnormal cells that spread to other tissues

cancer

10

cancer in early stages prior to metastasis (confined to place of origin)

cancer in situ

11

substance that causes cancer

carcinogen

12

cancer, malignant tumor

carcinoma

13

tumor that originates from epithelium, usually from the skin

epithelioma

14

benign tumor of fibrous connective tissue

fibroma

15

malignant tumor that originates from fibrous connective tissue

fibrosarcoma

16

benign tumor of smooth muscle

leiomyoma

17

malignant tumor that originates from smooth muscle

leiomyosarcoma

18

benign tumor of fat tissue

lipoma

19

malignant solid tumor of lymphoid tissue

lymphoma

20

aggressive, life-threatening, invasive tumor

malignant

21

cancer that bears a dark pigment, usually arising from pigment-producing cells of the skin

melanoma

22

benign tumor of muscle tissue

myoma

23

new growth of abnormal cells AKA a tumor

neoplasm

24

tumor that originates from nervous tissue

neuroma

25

causing tumors

oncogenic

26

malignant cancer of bone

osteosarcoma

27

benign tumor that originates from skeletal muscle and consists of rod-shaped cells

rhabdomyoma

28

malignant tumor that originates from skeletal muscle

rhabdomyosarcoma

29

treatment using drugs

chemotherapy

30

scientist or technician who studies cell structure & function

cytologist

31

field of study concerned with the structure & function of cells

cytology

32

scientist or technician who studies or identifies tissues

histologist

33

study of tissue

histology

34

physician who specializes in the treatment of cancer

oncologist

35

study of tumors

oncology

36

treatment to reduce the intensity of painful symptoms without producing a cure

palliative therapy

37

treatment of cancer that uses radioactive materials

radiotherapy