Cervical Flashcards Preview

7232 Diagnosis Summaries > Cervical > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical Deck (15):
1

chronic degenerative condition of c-spine that mostly affects facet joints

cervical OA

2

can involve only the joint
- gradual onset of neck pain or acute stiff neck
- pain interferes with sleep
- morning stiffness
- usu unilateral
- can refer to prox UE

cervical OA

3

can cause radiculopathy
- refers to UE
- unilateral and dermatomal
- paresthesia, progress to pain and decreased sensation/weakness

cervical OA

4

- can involve only the joint
- can cause radiculopathy
- can cause myelopathy
- can cause pressure on vertebral artery

cervical OA

5

- decreased a/o painful side bending on ipsilateral side
- pain with extension, protraction, rotation
- decreased pain with flexion, rotation
- dx with radiograph

cervical OA

6

- compression or irritation of nerve roots in c-spine
- acute assoc with disc herniation
- chronic assoc with spondylosis

radiculopathy

7

- unilateral motor and sensory symptoms into upper limb, no spasticity
- severity of symptoms depends on severity and duration of compression
- pain increased by extension, rotation, protraction
- in C5 or C6, pain often decreased by placing affected hand on head

radiculopathy

8

hard neuro signs may be present
- weakness in myotome
- DTR hypoactivity
- diminished sensation

radiculopathy

9

- movement of head occurs so suddenly that body is not able to accommodate for motion in time to prevent injury
- damage to ligaments in cervical region
- varies from minor overstretching to partial or complete tears
- if complete tear, can render the joint unstable

cervical sprain

10

- athletes (falls, tackles)
- MVA
- falls, fractures, direct blow to head

cervical sprain

11

- pain in back of neck/shoulders
- may hear pop or snap at time of injury if complete tear
- muscle spasms
- RED FLAGS: CNS signs of involvements, fractures
- agg: cervical motion away from ligament

cervical sprain

12

- swelling, redness, or bruising depending on severity
- decreased ROM, esp away from injured ligament
- ttp transverse/spinous processes and muscles
- muscle guarding
- weakness

cervical sprain

13

- areas of hyperirritable, taut bands
- usu in muscles but can be tendon or ligament
- abn findings in motor end plates
- can be associated with autonomic symptoms (abn sweating, dizziniess, tinnitis)

myofascial pain syndrome/trigger points

14

- can be idiopathic or after trauma or stress
- mild to severe ache
- direct pressure reproduces symptoms

myofascial pain syndrome/trigger points

15

- active TPs associated with painful, restricted ROM
- oft associated with poor posture

myofascial pain syndrome/trigger points