Flashcards in Cervical Strain & Sprain Deck (16):
Cervical strain and sprain can be defined as:
Microscopic or macroscopic injury to the soft tissues of the cervical region
An acute injury can be either ________ or ________, where as chronic injuries are usually just ________.
Microscopic, macroscopic, microscopic
A ________ is a musculotendinous soft tissue injury and a ________ is a ligamentous injury.
A ________ degree strain/sprain is a ________ injury that consists of little-to-no bleeding and swelling, joint/tissue stability, and a 1-4 week recovery period.
First, microscopic injury
A ________ degree strain/sprain is a ________ injury that consists of moderate-to-severe bleeding and swelling, spasms/hypertonicity, moderate-to-severe pain, relative joint/tissue stability, and 4-6 weeks of recovery.
A ________ strain or sprain is a ________ injury that consists of complete tissue rupture, severe bleeding/swelling, spasm/hypertonicity, unstable joints, and 6-8 weeks of recovery. This type usually requires ________.
Third, macroscopic, surgery
Who introduced the term “whiplash” and when?
Hyperextension occurs within the first ________ seconds following impact.
What are 4 safety factors impacting MVA-related cervical strain/sprain?
1) firm seat back
2) seat belt/shoulder strap
3) high stiff headrest
4) inflatable airbag
________ point tenderness is likely to be associated with a more serious injury than posterior element pain.
A ________ of the cervical curvature indicates a significant abnormality.
When the neck is rotated 45 degrees, the ability to normally extend ________ by 50%
Why are individuals less likely to sustain an injury in a collision that is <15 mph?
Able to brace on the steering wheel
The jaw is thrown ________ during rear impact and thrown ________ during frontal impact.
What are indirect options for cervical injury?