Cervical Strain & Sprain Flashcards Preview

M1T2 OMM Midterm Jason > Cervical Strain & Sprain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical Strain & Sprain Deck (16):
1

Cervical strain and sprain can be defined as:

Microscopic or macroscopic injury to the soft tissues of the cervical region

2

An acute injury can be either ________ or ________, where as chronic injuries are usually just ________.

Microscopic, macroscopic, microscopic

3

A ________ is a musculotendinous soft tissue injury and a ________ is a ligamentous injury.

Strain, sprain

4

A ________ degree strain/sprain is a ________ injury that consists of little-to-no bleeding and swelling, joint/tissue stability, and a 1-4 week recovery period.

First, microscopic injury

5

A ________ degree strain/sprain is a ________ injury that consists of moderate-to-severe bleeding and swelling, spasms/hypertonicity, moderate-to-severe pain, relative joint/tissue stability, and 4-6 weeks of recovery.

Second, macroscopic

6

A ________ strain or sprain is a ________ injury that consists of complete tissue rupture, severe bleeding/swelling, spasm/hypertonicity, unstable joints, and 6-8 weeks of recovery. This type usually requires ________.

Third, macroscopic, surgery

7

Who introduced the term “whiplash” and when?

Crow (1925)

8

Hyperextension occurs within the first ________ seconds following impact.

0.25

9

What are 4 safety factors impacting MVA-related cervical strain/sprain?

1) firm seat back

2) seat belt/shoulder strap

3) high stiff headrest

4) inflatable airbag

10

________ point tenderness is likely to be associated with a more serious injury than posterior element pain.

Anterior

11

A ________ of the cervical curvature indicates a significant abnormality.

Reversal

12

When the neck is rotated 45 degrees, the ability to normally extend ________ by 50%

Decreases

13

Why are individuals less likely to sustain an injury in a collision that is <15 mph?

Able to brace on the steering wheel

14

The jaw is thrown ________ during rear impact and thrown ________ during frontal impact.

Inferiorly, superiorly

15

What are indirect options for cervical injury?

Cranial manipulation

Counterstrain

MFR

BLT/LAS

FPR

ME

16

What are direct options for cervical injury?

Soft tissue

MFR

ME (PIR)

HVLA