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Flashcards in Cestodes Deck (150):
0

habitat of cestodes

small int

1

MOT of cestodes

ingestion
autoinfection (T. solium, H. nana)

2

order of cestodes

Pseudophyllidea
Cycloplhyllidea

3

cn for Diphyllobothrium latum

broad or fish tapeworm

4

cn for Taenia solium

pig tapeworm

5

Cn for Taenia saginata

beef tapeworm

6

cn for Hymenolepis nana

Dwarf tapeworm

7

Hymenolepis diminuta

rat tapeworm

8

cn for Dipylidium caninum

double pored dog tapeworm

9

cn for Echinococcus granulosus

hydatid worm

10

cn for Raillietina garrisoni

common rat tapeworm

11

sn for broad or fish tapeworm

Diphyllobothrium latum

12

sn for pork tapeworm

Taenia solium

13

sn for beef tapeworm

Taenia saginata

14

sn for dwarf tapeworm

Hymenolepis nana

15

sn for rat tapeworm

Hymenolepis diminuta

16

sn for double pored dog tapeworm

Dipylidium caninum

17

sn for hydatid worm

Echinococcus granulosus

18

sn for common rat tapeworm

Raillietina garrisoni

19

length of adult D. latum

3-10meters

20

length of T. solium

2-4meters

21

length of T. saginata

4-10m

22

length of H. nana

25-40mm

23

length of H. diminuta

10-60cm

24

length of D. caninum

10-70cm

25

length of E. caninum

3-6mm

26

length of Raillietina garrisoni

60cm

27

cestodes whose final hosts are man.

D. latum
T. solium
T. saginata
H. nana
H. diminuta
D. caninum

28

only cestode with paratenic host

Diphyllobothrium latum

29

paratenic host of D. latum

carnivorous fish

30

intermediate hosts of D. latum

Cyclops
Diaptomus
fish (salmon, pike, trout, pike)

31

IH of T. solium

pig

32

IH of T. saginata

cattle
cow

33

IH of H. nana

rice beetle
flour beetle
(Tenebrio spp)

34

IH of H. diminuta

fleas
beetle
cockroaches
mealworms
earwigs

35

IH of D. caninum

ctenocephalides canis
ctenocephalides felis
human flea
Pulex irritans

36

IH of E. granulosus

sheep/ox
man
goat
horse
camel

37

IH of R. garrisoni

flour beetle:
Tribolium confusum

38

cestodes whose infective stage is cysticercoid

R. garrisoni
H. diminuta
D. caninum
H. nana

39

IS of D. latum

plerocercoid
sparganum

40

IS of T. solium

Cysticercus cellulosae (bladderworm)

41

IS of T. saginata

Cysticercus bovis

42

scolex of D. latum

spoon shaped spatulate shaped almond shaped with 2 bothria

43

scolex of T. solium

globular
4 cuplike suckers
armed: rostellum with 25-30 hooks

44

scolex of T. saginata

cuboidal
4 cuplike suckers
unarmed

45

scolex of H. nana

subglobular
4cuplike suckers
armed: 20-30 hooks

46

scolex of H. diminuta

club or knob shaped
4 cuplike suckers
unarmed

47

scolex of D. caninum

globular
4cuplike suckers
armed 1-7 rows of rosethorn hooklets

48

scolex of E. granulosus

pyriform
4 cuplike suckers
armed 30-36 hooks

49

scolex of R. garrisoni

subglobular
4 cuplike suckers
armed 90-140

50

subglobular scolex

R. garrisoni
H. nana

51

pyriform scolex

E. granulosus

52

globular scolex

T. solium
D. caninum

53

cuboidal scolex

T. saginata

54

spoon spatulate almond shaped scolex

D. latum

55

club or knob shaped scolex

H. diminuta

56

proglottids of D. latum

up to 4k

57

proglottid of T. solium

800-1000
apolysis, in chains

58

proglottids of T. saginata

1000-4000
apolysis, in single

59

proglottids of H. nana

175-200

60

proglottids of H. diminuta

800-1300

61

proglottids of D. caninum

200

62

proglottids of E. granulosus

3

63

proglottids of R. garrisoni

about 5000

64

gravid segment of diphyllobothrium latum

highly coiled rosette uterus

65

gravid of T. solium

7-15 lateral branches
fingerlike

66

gravid of T. saginata

15-20 lateral branches
dichotomous/tree-like

67

gravid of H. nana

3 testes 1 ovary 1 uterus

68

gravid of H. diminuta

3 testes 1 ovary 1 uterus

69

gravid of D. caninum

pumpkin or melon shaped, rice granule, bilateral genital

70

gravid of E. granulosus

midline uterus with taenia like eggs

71

gravid of R. garrisoni

bilobed. surrounded with 36-50 ovoid testes

72

whose egg is oval and operculated, knoblike opposite the operculum

Diphyllobothrium latum

73

whose egg is spherical, striated, thick embryophore surrounding a hexacanth embryo

Taenia solium

74

whose egg is spherical, striated, thick embryophore surrounding a hexacanth embryo with eggs more than that of Taenia solium

Taenia saginata

75

whose egg has thin outer and thick inner shell with bipolar thickenings and bipolar filaments

Hymenolepis nana

76

whose egg is spherical/circular, outer shell is think and striated, inner shell is thin, has bipolar thickenings but no filaments

Hymenolepis diminuta

77

whose egg has egg capsule with 8-15 eggs , spherical, thin shelled with hexacanth embryo

Dipylidium caninum

78

whose egg is subspherical with radially striated embryophore

Echinococcus granulosus

79

whose egg has 200-400 egg capsules with 1-4 spindle shaped eggs

Raillietina garrisoni

80

egg of D. latum

oval operculated

81

egg of T. solium

spherical striated with thick embryophore

82

egg of T. saginata

spherical, striated with thick embryophore, more eggs/proglottid

83

egg of H. nana

thin outer thick outer shell, with bipolar filaments

84

egg of H. diminuta

thick outer, think inner shell without bipolar filaments

85

egg of D. caninum

egg capsules with 8-15 eggs, pherical eggs thin shelled

86

egg of E. granulosus

subspherical with radially striated embryophore

87

egg of R. garrisoni

200-400 egg egg capsules with 1-4 spindle shape eggs

88

causes bothriocephalus anemia

Diphyllobothrium latum

89

causes "measly pork"
intestinal infection
neurocysticercosis
vermicious epilepsy
oculr cystiercosis

Taenia solium

90

causes epigastric pain
perianal itching
obstruction in intestine, bile duct, appendix

Taenia saginata

91

causes enteritis, anal and nasal pruritus, diarrhea, anorexia, abdominal pain

Hymenolepis nana

92

clinical manifestationare minimal and nonspecific

Hymenolepis diminuta

93

causes intestinal discomfort, epigastric pain, diarhea, anal pruritus, allergic reactions

Dipylidium caninum

94

liver cyst of this cestode causes jaundice

Echinococcus granulosus

95

lung cyst of this cestode causes bloody sputum

Echinococcus granulosus

96

brain cyst of this cestode causes epilepsy

Echinococcus granulosus

97

patho of Raillietina garrisoni

usually asymptomatic

98

patho of E. granulosus liver cyst

jaundice

99

patho of E. granulosus lung cyst

bloddy cyst

100

patho of E. granulosus brain cyst

epilepsy

101

patho of D. caninum

intestinal discomfort
epigastric pain
diarrhea
anal pruritus

102

patho of H. diminuta

minimal clinical infection and nonspecific

103

patho of H. nana

enteritis
pruritis
diarrhea
anorexia
abdominal pain

104

patho of T. saginata

epigastric pain, perianal itching, obstruction in bile duct, intestine and appendix

105

patho of T. solium

measly pork, neurocysticercosis, verminous epilepsy, ocular cysticercosis

106

patho of D. latum

bothriocephalus anemia (vit B12 deficiency)

107

cestodes diagnosed through stool exam

D. latum
T. solium
T. saginata
H. nana
H. diminuta
D. caninum
R. granulosus

108

cestodes prevented through thorough cooking

D. latum
T. solium
T. saginata

109

cestode prevented through deworming for dogs or cats

E. granulosus
D. caninum

110

cestode prevented through personal hygiene

H. nana

111

cestode prevented through rodent control

H. diminuta
R. garrisoni

112

cestode infection treated with praziquantel

D. latum
T. saginata
T. solium
H. nana
H. diminuta
D. caninum
R. garrisoni

113

teatment for E. granulosus infection

surgical resection
albendazole
PAIR intervention

114

hammer shaped hooks in scolex

Raillietina garrisoni

115

fried egg appearance of egg

Hymenolepis diminuta

116

morphologic forms of cestode life cycle

egg
larva
adult

117

outer surface where wastes are excreted

tegument

118

a series of proglottids

strobila

119

process of elongating strobila

strobilization

120

parts of the adult cestode

scolex
neck
proglottids

121

provides ability to attach to intestinal mucosa of host

suckers

122

extensions of the scoled

rostellum

123

anemia brought by D. latum

bothriocephalus anemia or vit B12 deficiency

124

term for serious allergic reaction

anaphylactic shock

125

yellow-brown shell surrounding the embryo

embryophore

126

a type of larva with a scolex surrounded by a bladder-like thin walled cyst

cysticercus

127

CBC results associated with diagnosis of Taeniasis

moderate eosinophilia

128

which Taenia spp is found worldwide

T. solium

129

when is praziquantel not used in the treatment of taeniasis

when there's ocular or CNS involvement

130

alternate treatment for taeniasis

paromomycin
Atabrine

131

usually not found in the diagnosis of H. diminuta

proglottid (disintegrate in human gut)

132

most at risk for infection transmission of D. caninum

children

133

ciliated larva

coracidium

134

D. latum has _____ instead of the usual hexacanth embryo

coracidium

135

lid structure in egg

operculum

136

located opposite the operculum

abopercular knob

137

unique feature of D. latum proglottid

rosette uterus

138

when is human infection with D. latum initiated

pleurocercoid is ingested

139

next stage of D. latum development

procercoid

140

anemia by D. latum mimics _____

pernicious anemia

141

infected subcutaneous tissue often described as white, wrinkled, ribbon-shaped

sparganum

142

results from ingesting procercoid larvae of D. latum

sparganosis

143

where does development of procercoid occur

copepod

144

seen inside hydatid cyst

daughter cyst
brood capsules
hydatid sand

145

where does the hydatid cyst form

viscera (soft parts and internal organs of major body cavities)

146

accidental cause of hydatid disease in humans living in the Subartic

E. multilocularis

147

the only member of Pseudophyllidea

Diphyllobothrium latum

148

results from accidently ingested procercoid

sparganum

149

results when procercoid is ingested by 2nd IH

plerocercoid