CH-07 ANIMAL NUTRITION Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CH-07 ANIMAL NUTRITION Deck (21)
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1

What is a balanced diet?

a diet containing some of each of the different types nutrients, in a suitable quantity proportions

2

Name the 7 nutrient.

1.Carbohydrates
2.Proteins
3.Lipids/ Fats
4. Vitamins
5.Minerals
6.Dietary Fiber
7. Water

3

Name the function and source of carbohydrate

function- source of energy
source- bread, pasta. ,cereal, rice, potatoes

4

Name the function and source of proteins

function- growth and repair
source- meat, fish, eggs, pulses and nuts

5

Name the function and source of Lipids/ Fats

function- insulation and energy storage
sources- butter , oil nuts

6

Name the function and source of Fiber

function- provided roughage for intestine to push food through
sources- vegetables, whole grains

7

Name the function and source of Vitamins

function- needed in small quantities to maintain health
sources- fruits and vegetables

8

Name the function and source of Minerals

function- needed in small quantities to maintain health
sources- fruits and vegetables, meats, dairy products

9

Name the function and source of Water

function- needed for chemical reactions to take place in cells
Sources- water, juice, milk, fruits and vegetables

10

Name the function, deficiency and source of Vitamin C

function- makes up skin, hair, gums and bones
deficiency- scurvy
sources- citrus fruit, strawberries and green vegetables

11

Name the function, deficiency and source of Vitamin D

function- helps to absorb calcium -required for strong bones and teeth
deficiency- rickets
sources- oily fish, eggs, liver, dairy products also by sunlight

12

Name the function, deficiency and source of Calcium

function- for strong teeth and bones
deficiency- can lead to osteoporosis later in life
Sources- milk, cheese, eggs

13

Name the function, deficiency and source of Iron

function- needed to make hemoglobin
deficiency- anemia
Sources- Red meat, liver, leafy green vegetables and spinach

14

Effects of Malnutrition

1. starvation
2. coronary heart disease
3. constipation
4.Obesity

15

What are the two Protein Energy Malnutrition PEM.

Kwashiorkor
Marasmus

16

What are the stages of food.

Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Assimilation
Egestion

17

What is mechanical digestion?

breakdown of food without any chemical change

18

What is chemical digestion?

breakdown of large, insoluble molecules into small, soluble molecules.

19

What is Absorption?

movement of small food molecules and ions through the walls of the intestine into the blood.

20

What is Assimilation?

movement of digested food molecules into the cells of the body

21

What is Egestion?

passing out of food that has not been digested or absorbed, -faeces.