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Flashcards in Ch. 1 Deck (32):
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The study of behavior and mental processes

Psychology

1

Largest group of psychologists, specialties are mental health and learning disabilities, able to prescribe medication

Clinical Psychology

2

Uses interviews and tests to help clients clarify goals, overcome adjustment problems and meet challenges

Counseling Psychology

3

Identify and help students who have problems that interfere with learning and make recommendations for class placement

School Psychology

4

Focus on course planning for all students for school systems, they look at psychological, cultural, economical and instructional favors

Educational psychology

5

Study changes that occur throughout the life span; physical, emotional, cognitive, and social

Developmental psychology

6

Identify human characteristic or traits, or origins of psychological problems

Personality psychology

7

Concerned with people's behavior in social situations and external influences on behavior

Social psychology

8

Conducts research

Experimental psychology

9

Focuses on people in the work place, such as the improving of working conditions to the increase on worker output

Industrial and Organizational psychology

10

Attempts to find the best ways to designs products for use

Human Factor psychology

11

Study to help create social systems that promote individual well being in a social environment

Community psychology

12

Work within the criminal justice system; help police

Forensic psychology

13

Examine ways in which behavior and mental processes are related to physical health

Health psychology

14

Work with patients who are struggling with a disability and help them develop strategies to cope

Rehabilitation psychology

15

Study behavior and mental processes under different cultural conditions, ie. immigrants

Cross- Cultural psychology

16

Aristotle to Hippocraties

Transition from philosophy to science

17

Person who thought problems are caused by abnormalities in the brain

Hippocraties

18

Wilhelm Wundt

Structuralism

19

William James

Functionalism

20

Sigmund Freud

Psychoanalysis

21

John Watson

Behaviorism

22

B.F. Skinner

Reinforcement

23

Our perception of objects is more than the sum of its parts

Gestalt School

24

Processes that influence behavior and mental processes

Biological

25

Adaptive organisms survive and transmit their genes to future generations and they change over time

Evolutionary

26

Perceptions and thoughts influence behavior

Cognitive

27

People make free and conscious choices based on their unique experiences

Humanistic

28

Unconscious motives influence behavior

Psychoanalysis

29

Personal experiences and reinforcement guide individual development

Learning

30

Sociocultural, biological and psychological factors create individual differences

Sociocultural

31

Mental processes are influenced by the interaction or biological, psychological and social factors

Biopsychosocial