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Flashcards in CH 1 Deck (21):
1

Definition of Psychology

Scientific study of the mind and behavior

2

What are the 3 main types of psychologist

Clinical, Applied, and Research

3

What is the difference between philosophy and psychology?

Psychology uses the scientific method

4

What are clinical psychologists?

Treat mental disorders, generally work in private practice or clinics

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What are applied psychologists?

Work in private industry, help with intuitive product design

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What are research psychologists?

Work in academia, they do a lot of research

7

Empiricism

Knowledge stems from experience

8

Nativism

Knowledge is innate

9

What is Darwins theory of evolution?

All living things are the end products of an extended period of evolution

10

Nature vs Nurture

Nature is the belief that intelligence, emotions, and personality are influenced by our genes.
Nurture is learning from past experiences instead of genes

11

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical doctors that can prescribe medications.

12

Structuralism

Breaks down the psychology of the mind into parts

13

Functionalism

Focused on the function of immediate experiences

14

Behaviorism

Behavior is either a reflex or a consequence of an individuals personal history

15

What did Sigmund Freud develop?

Developed psychoanalysis. Believed physical problems were caused by psychological problems.

16

Psychoanalysis

Analyzing the mind before treading. (laying in chair talking to doctor)

17

What approach do modern psychologists employ?

An eclectic approach, they use many different methods

18

What is the biopsychosocial model?

Disease is attributed to biological factors, psychological factors, and social factors

19

What is the pineal gland?

Produces melatonin which helps with sleep

20

What is the diathesis-stress model

Model to explain behavior as the relationship between predispositions and stress from life

21

What is Humanisim?

Humans are good and to think more in terms of evidence instead of superstition