Ch 1: American Government: Roots, Context, And Culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1: American Government: Roots, Context, And Culture Deck (24):
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Government

The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted

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Monarchy

A form of government in which power is vested in hereditary kings and queens who govern in the interest of all

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Totalitarianism

A form of government in which power resides in a leader who rules according to self-interest and without regard for individual rights and liberties

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Oligarchy

A form of government in which the right to participate depends on the possession of wealth, social status, military position, or achievement

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Democracy

A system of government that gives power to the people, whether directly or through elected representatives

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Direct democracy

A system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule

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Indirect democracy

System of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who work on their behalf

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Republic

A government rooted in the consent of the governed; a representative or indirect democracy

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Political culture

Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government should operate

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Personal liberty

Key characteristic of US democracy. initially meaning freedom from governmental interference, today it includes demands for freedom to engage in a variety of practices without governmental interference or discrimination

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Political equality

The principle that all citizens are the same in the eyes of the law

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Popular consent

The principle that governments must draw their powers from the consent of the governed

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Majority rule

The central premise of direct democracy in which only policies that collectively garner the support of a majority of voters will be made into law

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Popular sovereignty

The notion that the ultimate authority in society rests with the people

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Natural law

A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and as such can be understood by reason

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Political ideology

The coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individuals

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Conservative

One who favors limited government intervention particularly in economic affairs

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Social conservative

One who believes that the government should support and further traditional moral teachings

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Liberal

One who favors greater government intervention particularly in economic affairs in the provision of social services

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Moderate

A person who takes a relatively centrist or middle-of-the-road view on most political issues

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Statist

One who believes in extensive government control of personal and economic liberties

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Libertarian

One who believes in limited government interference in personal economic liberties

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Politics

The study of who gets what, when, and how-or how policy decisions are made

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American dream

An American ideal of a happy, successful life which often includes wealth, a house, a better life for one's children, and for some the opportunity to grow up to be president