Ch 1 & 2 {first empires/civilizations} Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1 & 2 {first empires/civilizations} Deck (51):
0

5 things needed for civilization:

1. Advanced cities 2. Specialized workers 3. Complex institutions 4. Record keeping 5. Advanced technology

1

Nomads

Highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging for new sources of food

2

Slash and burn

Cut trees/ grasses and burn them to clear a field, the ashes would fertilize they would use, leave, come back and the grasses would be grown and it would start all over

3

Domestication

Taming animals

4

Ziggurat

Pyramid shaped monument to worship looming gods, means "mountain of god"

5

Hammurabi

Reached Babylonian empire peak, made code of Hammurabi

6

Mesopotamia

in Greek "land between the rivers" one of the first civilizations, inhabited by the sumerians

7

Fertile Crescent

Curved shaped region in Southeast Asia with rich land

8

Sumerians

First people to settle in Mesopotamia

9

Sargon of Akkad

Defeated city states of Sumer and created first empire

10

Silt

Thick bed of mud

11

Irrigation

Carried river water to fields and allowed more crops

12

Dynasty

Series of rules of a single family

13

Epic of Gilgamesh

Some of the richest accounts of Mesopotamian myths and legends, 1st written records, look for the fountain of youth, never found but realize humans are meant to die,

14

City-state

City and surrounding land it controlled (most like a country)

15

Polytheism

Belief in many gods

16

Empire

Brings together several peoples, independent states,or nations under one rule

17

Nile

4,100 mile (longest in world) river flowing through Egypt

18

Delta

100 mi before end or Nile, lower Egypt, broad marshy, triangular area of land formed by deposits of silt at mouth of river

19

King menes & his crown

(Narmer) united upper and lower Egypt and wore a white and red crown

20

Theocracy

Type of government in which ruler is based on religious authority

21

Mummification

Preserved in death

22

Hieroglyphics

A picture is an idea for Egyptians "sacred carvings"

23

Papyrus

Reeds, crosswise, dampened, pressed in a paper like sheet

24

Neolithic revolution

Agriculture revolution

25

Cuneiform

Sumerian "Wedge shaped" symbols

26

Pharaoh

Egyptian god-kings

27

Pyramids

Tombs for royalty and pharaohs

28

Old kingdom

Early pharaohs 2180 BC.

29

Middle Kingdom

1040-1680 BC pharaohs restored law and order and improved technology

30

New kingdom

A group from Israel came called Hysksos which means "rulers of foreign lands" and took over 1630-1523 BC

31

Monotheistic

Belief in one God

32

Subcontinent

A large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent (ex: Indian subcontinent: India, Pakistan. Bangladesh)

33

Harrapan civilizations

Named for Indus Valley because of archaeological discoveries at site and city planning, first Egyptian society, plumping: complex institutions

34

Plumbing

Indus Valley had sophisticated plumbing system and drainage

35

Rivers in Indus Valley

Ganges and Indus

36

Two rivers flow from mountainous west to Pacific Ocean in china

Yangtze (Chang Jiang)
Yellow river (huang he)

37

Loess

Fertile soil, looks like yellow silt from haung he

38

XIA

First Chinese dynasty

39

Shang

Took of over xia, second dynasty, first written records 1000 - 1027 BC

40

Zhou dynasty

(Joh) overthrew Shang 1027 BC used mandate of heaven

41

Mandate of heaven

Claim divine approval

42

Dynastic cycle

Pattern of rise, decline and replacement of dynasties

43

Feudalism

Political system in which lords are granted the use of land legally owned by the king

44

Oracle bones

Animal bones and tortoise shells that Chinese priests had scratched questions for the gods

45

Upper and lower Egypt

Remember there opposite the beginning leading into the med sea is lower and the lower is upper Egypt

46

Hammurabi's way to deal with committing a crime: restitution vs reconciliation:

Restitution: act of restoring to an original condition by giving an equivalent ex: eye for an eye

Reconciliation: restore to harmony & friendship, fix, forgive

47

Monsoon

A wind that shifts in direction at certain times each year, dominated India's climate, Included seasonal rains

48

Majenjo-Daro

Early Indus River civilization( also called Harrapan civilizations) that had innovative plumbing system close to the one created in the 1900s

49

Cast iron

During the Zhou dynasty, one of their innovations was blast furnaces that produced cast iron to create weapons & farm tools

50

Place that has indoor plumping?

Mahejo daro. It's a building (Spelling is incorrect)