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Flashcards in CH. 1 (Exam 1) Deck (82):
1

Pharmaco- means?

Drug, Medicine

2

-logy means?

Study of

3

The Study of drugs and their interactions with living cells and systems?

Pharmacology

4

Drugs have 3 types of names, what are they?

Chemical Name
Trade Name
Generic Name

5

When studying a drug, they give the drug what type of name?

A code name

6

When the drug is study and developed, the company who discovered the drug gives the drug what type of name?

A Trade name

7

T/F Generic Name Drugs stay the same in any country, while Trade Name Drugs change names in different Countries.

True

8

T/F Trade Name Drugs is always Capitalized?

True

9

Who grants approval for drugs marketed in the U.S.?

FDA

10

FDA stands for what?

Food and Drug Administration

11

Who determines which drugs can be sold over the counter and prescription?

FDA

12

Who prohibits the false advertising of foods, nonprescription (OTC) drugs, and cosmetics?

FTC

13

Who regulates the labeling and advertising of prescription drugs?

FDA

14

What does FTC stand for?

Federal Trade Commision

15

What does DEA stand for?

Drug Enforcement Administration

16

Who regulates the manufacture and distribution of substances that have a potential for abuse, including opioids, stimulants, and sedatives?

DEA

17

What is Opioids?

Narcotics

18

The Process of New Drug Develop is done in what four stages?

Preclinical: Studies on animals
Clinical: 3 phases of clinical studies
NDA Review: Submits Application
Post-marketing Surveillance: Surveys

19

Tested on a small group of volunteer people, increases doses, determines biologic effects, metabolism, safe dose range in humans, and toxic effects of the drug is what stage of the Clinical Studies?

Phase 1

20

Tested on Larger groups of humans and adverse reactions are reported to the FDA during what Stage of the Clinical Studies?

Phase 2

21

Tested on a large group of pts with a condition for which the drug is indicated for, dosage of drug is determined, and where the safety/efficacy is demonstrated is what Phase of Clinical Studies?

Phase 3

22

Postmarketing surveillance, toxicity that occurs in pts taking the drug after it is released is recorded during what Phase of Clinical Studies?

Phase 4

23

What are Schedule 1 drugs?

Heroin
LSD
Hallucinogens

24

What are Schedule 2 drugs?

Oxycodone
Morphine
Amphetamine
Secobarbital

25

What are Schedule 3 drugs?

Codeine (Tylenol)
Hydrocodone (Vicodin) mixtures

26

What are Schedule 4 drugs?

Dextropropoxyphene forms (Darvon)
Diazepam (Valium)
tramadol (ultram)

27

What are Schedule 5 drugs?

Some codeine-containing cough syrups

28

What schedule drug has the most abusive drugs?

Schedule 1 drugs

29

What Schedule Drugs require a prescription?

Schedule Drugs 2-4

30

What Schedule Drugs must be typed or written in pen or indelible ink?

Schedule 2

31

What Schedule Drug cannot be telephoned to a pharmacist?

Schedule 2

32

What Schedule Drug requires new prescriptions for refills?

Schedule 2

33

What Schedule Drugs may not be refilled more than five times in 6 month period?

Schedule 3-4

34

T/F DEA number is required before one can prescribe schedule drugs?

True

35

T/F Triplicate or duplicate prescriptions my be required for Schedule 2 drugs?

True

36

What is the purpose of a Black Box Warning Label?

To draw attention to safety concerns associated with the drug. It also educates both prescriber and pt about serious safety concerns associated with the drug

37

With the "Labeled and Off-Label Uses" Labeled indicates what?

That the FDA has approved the drug for specific use

38

With the "Labeled and Off-Label Uses" Off-Label indicates what?

it is used outside the stated FDA indications

39

What is an Orphan Drug?

Drugs developed to treat rare medical conditions. Usually less than 200,00 ppl effected with the rare condition

40

Why would a drug be RECALLED?

A reasonable probability that use result in serious adverse health consequences or death

41

T/F You want to keep a copy of prescriptions in the pt's chart

True

42

The primary measuring system used in pharmacy is?

The Metric System

43

Solid drugs are dispensed by?

Weight (milligrams [mg])

44

Liquid drugs are dispensed by?

Volume (milliliters[ml])

45

A teaspoon (tsp) equals how many mL (milliliters) ?

5mL

46

A tablespoon (tbsp) equals how many mL (milliliters)?

15mL

47

A dosing cup are available in what volumes with milliliters marked along the lengths?

2.5-ml
5-ml
10-ml

48

When two formulations of a drug meet the chemical and physical standards established by regulatory agencies, is called what?

Chemically equivalent

49

When two formulations of a drug produce similar concentrations of the drug in blood and tissues, is called what?

Biologically equivalent

50

When two formulations of a drug have an equal therapeutic effect, is called what?

Therapeutically equivalent

51

Due to which Act, pharmacists must provide patient counseling and a prospective drug utilization review (DUR) for Medicaid patients?

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (OBRA)

52

DUR stands for?

Drug utilization review

53

Bid

Twice daily

54

Cap

Capsule

55

H

Hour

56

Sig

Write

57

P

After

58

S

Without

59

TID

Three times daily

60

d

Day

61

Hs

At bedtime

62

Pc

After meals

63

Tab

Tablet

64

Q

Every

65

Qid

Four times daily

66

Dips.

Dispense

67

Prn

As needed

68

Po

By mouth

69

Gm

Gram

70

c

With

71

Which conditions must be met for a drug to be approved as a generic substitution for the patented trade name drug?

Biologically and Therapeutically Equivalent

72

T/F A dental hygienist must have knowledge of pharmacology to obtain health history, diagnosing diseases or conditions, handling medical emergencies and planning appointments

True

73

Which name is considered the official name of a new drug?

Generic name

74

Metric units used in prescription writing?

Milliliter (mL) exactly 1 cubic centimeter (cc)
measurement of weight is kilogram (kg)
Various units of the metric system are based on multiple of 10

75

All are required on a prescription labels?

Name of the medication and its strength
Patient's name and dentist's name
Name, Address, and telephone # of the pharmacy
Direction for use
Original date and the date filled
Quantity of medication dispensed

76

T/F A patient must be a patient of record and have a condition for which the prescription is being prescribed is a dentist-related condition must be met before a dentist can prescribe a medication

True

77

"ac" abbreviation

before meals

78

"ud" abberviation

as directed

79

T/F 1 liter = 1000 milliliters (ml)

True

80

Prescription format: Heading

Name, address, telephone # of (prescriber)
Name, address, age, telephone #(pt)
Date of prescription

81

Prescription format: body

Rx symbol
Name of drug
Amount of dispense
Directions of use

82

Prescription format: closing

Prescribers signature
DEA #,
Refill instructions