Flashcards in Ch. 1: History & Career Opportunities Deck (58):
Who were the first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant fashion?
What is Henna?
* A dye obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree.
* commonly used as a reddish hair dye and in tattooing.
Who used henna as an adornment for body art tattooing & fingernails?
Who was it that saw cleanliness as a means of protection from evil as well as disease?
Who adopted many techniques from other countries due to their nomadic history?
The Hebrews used ____ and ____ to moisten and protect the skin.
Olive, Grapeseed Oil
What is Hyssop?
An aromatic plant originally found near the Black Sea and in central Asia.
What did the Hebrews use to prepare an ointment for cleansing?
What did the Hebrews use to keep in body heat?
What two things were the Hebrews' most useful grooming and health aids? What were they used for?
Myrrh and Pomegranate
* Myrrh in powder form was used to repel fleas, and in tincture form was used for oral hygiene.
* Pomegranate was used as an antiseptic and was helpful in expelling intestinal worms.
The word "cosmetics" comes from what Greek word? What does it mean?
kosmetikos. meaning, "skilled in the use of cosmetics"
Who was it that determined beauty by how one looked naked?
How did the Greeks regulate their body temperature and protect themselves from the sun?
By frequently bathing in olive oil and dusting their bodies in fine sand.
What type of magnificent public buildings were the ancient Romans famous for constructing?
In ancient Rome, what body therapies were provided by bathhouses for patrons?
Steam Therapy, Body Scrubs, and Massage.
After bathing, what did the Romans apply to their skin to keep it healthy and attractive?
Rich oils and Fragrances.
What were Roman fragrances made from?
Flowers, Saffron, and Almonds.
What two cultures blended their natural scenery into their looks.
Chinese and Japanese
What did Chinese aristocrats rub into their nails to turn them crimson or ebony?
A tinted mixture of gum Arabic, gelatin, beeswax, and egg whites.
Where was the ancient method of hair removal known as threading invented?
What culture considered black teeth beautiful and appealing from the tenth to the nineteenth century?
What was a paste to blacken teeth made from?
sake, tea, and iron scraps
People from North Africa used what to help prevent oral and tooth disease?
Toothpicks made from the Mignonette tree.
What period in European history were towering headdresses, intricate hairstyles, and the use of cosmetics on skin and hair considered beautiful?
The Middle Ages
Where on their face did women wear colored makeup during the Middle Ages?
Cheeks and Lips, but not on the Eyes.
What was a bare (shaved or tweezed) eyebrow and hairline thought to signify during the Renaissance?
What was considered fashionable hair styles during the Renaissance?
Hair was carefully dressed and adorned with ornaments or headdresses, and many women used bleach to make their hair blond.
Women from what era bathed in strawberries and milk?
The Age of Extravagance.
Women from what era often wore brightly colored pink and orange shades on their cheeks and lips?
The Age of Extravagance
What did women from The Age of Extravagance use silk patches for?
To decorate the face and conceal blemishes.
What were hairstyles like during the Age of Extravagance?
Hairstyles extended high into the air, using elaborate wire cages with springs to adjust the height. Some hairstyles might have even contained gardens and menageries with live animals. (which could contain lice and parasites)
What did women in the Victorian Age do to preserve skin health and beauty.
Women used beauty masks and packs made from honey, eggs, milk, oatmeal, fruits, vegetables, and other natural ingredients.
Who is responsible for examinations, licensing, and standards?
State board members
What is the primary focus of camouflage makeup?
to disguise imperfections such as scars.
What does a manufacturer's representative do?
Train others on product knowledge and how to sell products.
What do mobile estheticians do?
Own portable equipment and make house or office calls.
What is product development?
The field of creating new products and technologies.
When did women pinch their cheeks and bite their lips to add color?
The Victorian Age
What career should those with journalistic abilities consider pursuing?
What is a buyer's responsibility?
Purchasing products to be sold and used in stores.
What term refers to the art of manipulating materials on an atomic or molecular scale?
Who visits spas and salons to ensure compliance with state regulations.
State licensing inspector
What term refers to a professional that integrates surgical procedures with esthetic treatments?
What became a common practice in the twentieth century?
When did a more relaxed approach to clothing, hair, and makeup become popular?
beginning of the twenty-first century
Who issues request for compounding pharmacies to mix special preparations?
What can estheticians do if they obtain a medical license?
Prescribe medication, Surgical procedures, & advanced treatments.
What must you obtain before you become an esthetic educator?
What type of esthetics work requires that you join a union?
film and tv makeup artist.
What should you know before deciding to become a cosmetic buyer?
You must travel a great deal & keep up with the latest trends if you become a buyer.
What type of esthetics work requires the supervision of a mortician?
What is a career that requires an outgoing personality for success?
What career includes keeping records of sales and stock on hand, demonstrating products, selling to clients, and cashiering?
Salesperson, or Sales manager.
What career serves the traveling public.
What career teaches esthetics in public, vocational, industrial, or technical high schools.
What in the job of a skin care company owner.
developing skin care products and technologies, teaching and training, research and development, sales and marketing, human resources and team-building, accounting and processing, and traveling the world while building your business.
What career involves cosmetic chemistry and ingredients, creating new products, and developing new technologies?