Flashcards in Ch 1 Sec 1&2 Deck (50):
Scientific study of "social structure"
Never focuses on the individual the view is always at the social, or group, level
The pattern of interactions of people in social relationships
The ability of individuals to see the relationships between events in their personal lives and events in their society
A particular point of view
First used "sociology" in 1824
Father of sociology
Main concern to Improve society
What question sociologist always ask?
Why do people behave/act the way they do?
Societal and group rules
Ways of organizing families
Political systems/election trends
Why study patterns of human behavior?
Bc we see outside events in our lives as intensely personal (ie marriage of William and Kate)
Why do sociologists study events and look for the things outside the individual that influence behavior?
Person relationships like marriage they study do figure out "what social influences make it difficult for couples stay together"
Any social activity or situation that can be observed or measured (ie patters in religious affiliation)
American sociologist who said "you will enrich your life when you come to possess "sociological imagination"
C. Write mills
An organized group of people in which there are "social experiences"
A relationship; a give and take between 2 or more people; involves everything from a handshake to the election of a president
Direct behavior toward one another (ie parents/children)
Why are cultural expectations and social structures important?
Because they regulate individual and group behavior do that people can act together to achieve common goals
Why do people behave the way they do?
Environment/social situation most of the time
Why is all behavior social in some respect?
Because it's influenced by other people
Physical setting vs social setting
Social: alone and someone enters the elevator
Behavior will change when?
According to injection of a stranger into a situation
2 types of sociological analysis
-why one person is unemployed (lack of skill or experience)
-unhappy married couple
-focuses on immediate, personal matters and relationships
-focuses on personal issues that effect individuals
-40% unemployment rate in AA makes (18-27)
-50% divorce rate in the U.S.
-focuses on social problems that go beyond the failings of individuals
-Focuses on broad social issues and structural patterns that effect groups
The meaning/reason behind the action/behavior
*so why it's done*
Subjective meaning example:
You see two people shaking hands
Why are they shaking hands?
Can only be achieved when we understand our behavior and how our behavior influences others
Scientific observation for sociology
Study of social stability
Study of social change
Translated comte's book
Compared slaves and women
Compared society to the human body
(Society is composed of parts working together to promote its wellbeing and survival)
Society's have economies, religions, governments, families.
Religious and educational institutions are crucial to society
Social Darwinism: evolutionary social change led to progression. Natural social selection led to survival of strongest society's.
Poor stay poor rich stay rich outside people/government shouldn't help
Didn't consider himself a sociologist
Wanted sociologist to change the world not just study it
Identified social classes
Owned the means for producing wealth in industrial society. (Ie factories and equipment)
Had the means for producing wealth. (Bourgeoisie)
Work for the bourgeoisie
Paid just enough to stay alive
Son of French rabbi
Believed society existed bc of wide consensus
Ground breaking research on suicide
Showed that human social behavior must be explained by social factors rather than psychological ones
Son of German lawyer and politician
Mom was Calvinist
Suffered mental breakdown
Human beings act on the basis of their own understanding of a situation so sociologist must discover the personal meanings, values, beliefs, attitudes, underlying human social behavior
Believed in empathy
The mindset that emphasizes use or knowledge, reason, and planning.
Understanding the social behaviors of others by putting yourself mentally in their place
Early woman reformer
Co-founded hull house for immigrants, sick, poor, old
Focused on problems caused by the imbalance of power in social classes
Only sociologist to receive Nobel peace prize
Considered social Worker not sociologist bc she was a woman and didn't teach at a university and bc worked w poor
Black man who attacked the "negro problem" not only in U.S. But everywhere
Studies social structures or blacks to show they weren't all stupid
Said that the physical setting (elevator) remains the same but the social setting changes by the appearance of strangers
Situation where people interact
Relatively predictable and continuing patterns of these relationships and interactions
The physical setting remains the same but the social setting changes w the appearance of strangers
Civilly ignoring them lol
Th systematic study of social behavior in human and group Patterson
Behavior of one person....
Effects the group
Why study patterns of human behavior?
Study events and loom for the things outside that influence behavior(what sociological influences make it hard for couples to stay together)