Ch. 1 Test Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1 Test Review Deck (35):
1

Blood clotting is an example of what type of feedback?

Positive

2

Maintaining body temperature is an example of what type of feedback?

Negative

3

The sum of all chemical processes that occur in the body?

Metabolism

4

Which major body system supports and protects the body, assists in body movements, and houses cells that give rise to blood cells?

Skeletal

5

The name of the condition in which the internal body remains stable within certain physiologic limits ?

Homeostasis

6

What major body system is responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food as well as absorption?

Digestive

7

Name the science that deals with why, when and where disease occur and how they are transmitted within a defined human population?

Epidemiology

8

The change that a cell undergoes from an unspecialized one to a specialized one?

Differentiation

9

Which major body system regulated the volume and chemical composition of blood and eliminates waste?

Urinary

10

Any time a region of the body is described, such as directions and planes, the assumption is made that the body is in what position?

Anatomical

11

Several organs that work together to perform a function?

Organ system

12

Which major body system returns tissue fluid to the blood and produces immunity structures and agents?

Lymphatic

13

Which major body system contains glands that produce hormones?

Endocrine

14

Subjective changes in a person not observable from the outside such as a headache or stomachs?

Symptoms

15

Part of a feedback system responsible for receiving output from the control center and producing a response that changes the controlled condition?

Effector

16

What major body system does the skin belong to?

Integumentary

17

A group of tissues that function together in the performance of a vital activity?

Organ

18

The ability to detect and react to changes in the external or internal environment?

Responsiveness

19

A plane that divides the body into right and left halves?

Sagittal

20

Measurable observable changes like swelling or a rash?

Signs

21

The study of structures of the body and relationships between them?

Anatomy

22

Most complex to simplest

Organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, chemical

23

Directional term: left shoulder to navel

Superior

24

Directional term: ears to tip of the nose

Lateral

25

Directional term: heart to lungs

Medial

26

Directional term: hand to the wrist

Distal

27

Directional term: end of the arm to the fingers

Proximal

28

Directional term: navel to the abdominal cavity

Anterior

29

Directional term: diaphragm to the heart

Inferior

30

Directional term: diaphragm to the abdominal cavity

Superior

31

Anatomical position

Subject is erect, facing observer, feet flat on the floor, arms at side, palms forward

32

Physiology

The science of body functions of the body parts

33

Chemical level

Atoms and molecules

34

Cellular level

Cells containing organelles are the basic structural and functional units of an organism, so they are considered to be the basic unit of life

35

Birth of a baby is an example of what type of feedback?

Positive