Ch 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Deck (18):
1

Normal Distribution

bell curve

2

Skewed curve

doesn't fit the noemal bell curve

3

Outliers (Atypical Examples)

Data that is very different than the rest

messes up averages

4

Hindsight Bias

"I knew it all along" phenomenon

5

Overconfidence

When asked a question, people are usually overconfident about their answer

6

Random Streak

random number keeps coming up

1234567 is a possible outcome of random numbers

7

Correlation Research

Shows if one kind of behavior is related to another

useful for prediction

8

Correlation Cooeficient

single number that shows the strength of a correlation

a number between -1 and 1

9

Illusory Correlations

correlations that you think are there, but don't exist

10

Placebo Effect

body tricked into thinking it has the treatment

a sugar pill

11

Blind Experiment

participants don't know which group they're in in the experiment

12

Double Blind Experiment

both the participants nor the experimenters know what group the subjects are in

prevents experimental bias

13

potential confounding variable

anything that can mess up an experiment

14

Critical Thinking

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions

15

Operational Definition

A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define research variables.

e.g. "Human Intelligence" may be operationally defined as what an intelligence test measures

16

Replication

repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances

17

Case Study

An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth to the hope of revealing universal principals

18

Naturalistic Observation

Observing and recording behavior in naturally occuring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation