Ch 1 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1 Vocab Deck (56):
1

Acute

Rapid onset of symptoms and extreme

2

Angiography

Radiographic study of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium

3

Appendectomy

Surgery to remove the appendix

4

Arteriosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery

5

Arthralgia

Pain in one or more joints

6

Colostomy

Surgical creation of artificial excretory opening between the colon and body surface

7

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in blood

8

Dermatologist

Medical expert for diagnosis and treatment of diseases of hair, nails, skin

9

Diagnosis

Identification of illness by examination of symptoms

10

Diarrhea

Abnormally frequent flow of loose or watery stools

11

Edema

Swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, cavities

12

Endarterial

Inner part of an artery

13

Eponym

A name based on or derived from the name of a person

14

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell that carries oxygen through the body

15

Fissure

Groove or crack-like sore of the skin

16

Fistula

an abnormal passage between 2 internal organs or to the surface of the body

17

Gastritis

Inflammation of stomach lining

18

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of mucous membrane lining stomach and intestines

19

Gastrosis

Any disease of the stomach

20

Hemorrhage

The loss of a large amount of blood in a short time

21

Hepatomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the liver

22

Hypertension

Elevation of arterial blood pressure that is likely to cause damage to cardiovascular system

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Hypotension

Lower than normal arterial blood pressure

24

Infection

Invasion of body by pathogenic organism

25

Inflammation

Localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues

26

Interstital

In small narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ

27

Intramuscular

Within the muscle

28

Laceration

A torn or jagged wound

29

Lesion

A pathologic change of tissues due to disease or injury

30

Mycosis

Any abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus

31

Myopathy

Any pathologic change or disease in muscle tissue

32

Myorrhexis

The rupture or tearing of a muscle

33

Myelopathy

Any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord

34

Natal

Events of birth

35

Neonatology

Diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the newborn

36

Neuritis

Inflammation of nerve accompanied by pain & sometimes loss of function

37

Otorhinolaryngology

Study of diseases of the ear nose and throat

38

Palpation

Exam using hands

39

Pathology

Examination of organ tissue fluid to make diagnosis of disease

40

Phalanges

Bones of fingers and toes

41

Poliomyelitis

Highly contaigious viral infection of the brainstem & spinal cord

42

Prognosis

The likely course of a disease

43

Prostate

Male gland under the bladder surrounding the urethra

44

Pyoderma

Acute, inflammatory pus-forming bacterial skin infection

45

Pyrosis

Burning sensation caused by the return of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus

46

Remission

A temporary recovery

47

Supination

Palms forward or upward

48

Suppuration

Formation or discharge of pus

49

Supracostal

Above or outside ribs

50

Symptom

Subjective evidence of disease

51

Syndrome

Set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process

52

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of tonsils

53

Trauma

Wound or injury

54

Triage

Medical screening of patients to determine relative priority of need and treatment

55

Viral

Pertaining to a virus

56

Abdominocentesis

Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid