Who was one of the most distinguished black band leaders?
James Reese Europe
Who did James Reese Europe East Coast orchestra entertain for?
- The Rockefellers and performed an acclaimed concert in Carnegie Hall
Formed the first black musicians' union and organized a band in the armed services that performed in France during World War I.
James Reese Europe
What did the article that appeared in Literary Digest in Europe attempt to do
What was Jelly Roll Morton quick to claim and demonstrate?
Jazz was truly an original style that could be codified
Much has been said by ethnographers, musicologists, ethnomusicologists, and jazz historians about the relationships between:
African music and the formation of Jazz
Who had a gradual acculturation proccess imapct on the formation of a new culture in this country and, along with this new culture, a new music?
To maintain ties with the homeland and preserve African traditions, what happened on musical styles indigenous to the United States?
Certain aspects of African music were undoubtedly superimposed on musical styles indigenous to the United States?
Of the three primary ingredients in all music, which is clearly most predominnant in and important to the music of western Africa, the source of much slave trade?
What is the basic rhythmic unit in African music?
What is not used in folk African music?
Meter signatures and bar lines. But complex polyrhymths and polymeters are implied through various combinations of rhythm patterns representing 3/4, 6/8, and 4/4 or 2/4 meters.
What happens when several rhythms are operating simultaneously?
The interatction of opposing rhythms frequently leads to the forms of intricate:
Regular rhythm that serves as the basic foundation upon which other, more intricate and sometimes improves rhythms are layered.
Which early Jazz innovator commonly employed cross-rhythms by using rhythmic figures that implied 3/4 meter against 4/4 such as this:
Rhythmic groups of three are bracketed
Three against four is also known as:
What were hemiolas used as by Jelly Roll Morton?
Before Louis Armstrong and the advent of instrumental jazz, what did the ragtime piano style demonstrate?
A similar preoccupation with polymeters or corss-rhythms
What was the typical rhythmic structure of rags?
rigid and mechanical in feel and more closely resembled the polka or march than an African drum corps.
What does this example show?
Implied a double time 3/4 meter against the duple meter
Marches, polkas, cakewalks, jigs, and quadrilles served as what for African rhythmic influences?
Have well-defined weak (two and four) and strong (one and three) beats
European music models
Unlike European mudic models, African music tends to be:
When accents are somehow shifted away from pulses typically stressed, what occurs?
A simple form of syncopation can occur by merely moving the tpical accent on beats one and three of a march to beats:
two and four
Many African styles were merged through migration with folk music from where?
Caribbean, West Indies, and Latin America