Ch 10: BOOK: A Complex Heritage Flashcards Preview

2018SP JAZZ THEORY/PRACTICE (MUSI-3256-01) > Ch 10: BOOK: A Complex Heritage > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 10: BOOK: A Complex Heritage Deck (26):
1

Who was one of the most distinguished black band leaders?

James Reese Europe

2

Who did James Reese Europe East Coast orchestra entertain for?

- The Rockefellers and performed an acclaimed concert in Carnegie Hall

3

Formed the first black musicians' union and organized a band in the armed services that performed in France during World War I.

James Reese Europe

4

What did the article that appeared in Literary Digest in Europe attempt to do

Define Jazz

5

What was Jelly Roll Morton quick to claim and demonstrate?

Jazz was truly an original style that could be codified

6

Much has been said by ethnographers, musicologists, ethnomusicologists, and jazz historians about the relationships between:

African music and the formation of Jazz

7

Who had a gradual acculturation proccess imapct on the formation of a new culture in this country and, along with this new culture, a new music?

African slave

8

To maintain ties with the homeland and preserve African traditions, what happened on musical styles indigenous to the United States?

Certain aspects of African music were undoubtedly superimposed on musical styles indigenous to the United States?

9

Of the three primary ingredients in all music, which is clearly most predominnant in and important to the music of western Africa, the source of much slave trade?

Rhythm

10

What is the basic rhythmic unit in African music?

Eighth note

11

What is not used in folk African music?

Meter signatures and bar lines. But complex polyrhymths and polymeters are implied through various combinations of rhythm patterns representing 3/4, 6/8, and 4/4 or 2/4 meters.

A image thumb
12

What happens when several rhythms are operating simultaneously?

Polyrhythmic feeling

13

The interatction of opposing rhythms frequently leads to the forms of intricate: 

cross-rhythms

14

Regular rhythm that serves as the basic foundation upon which other, more intricate and sometimes improves rhythms are layered.

Ground

15

Which early Jazz innovator commonly employed cross-rhythms by using rhythmic figures that implied 3/4 meter against 4/4 such as this:

Q image thumb

Louis Armstrong

Rhythmic groups of three are bracketed 

16

Three against four is also known as: 

hemiolas

17

What were hemiolas used as by Jelly Roll Morton?

Two-measure breaks

18

Before Louis Armstrong and the advent of instrumental jazz, what did the ragtime piano style demonstrate?

A similar preoccupation with polymeters or corss-rhythms

19

What was the typical rhythmic structure of rags?

rigid and mechanical in feel and more closely resembled the polka or march than an African drum corps.

20

What does this example show?

Q image thumb

Implied a double time 3/4 meter against the duple meter

21

Marches, polkas, cakewalks, jigs, and quadrilles served as what for African rhythmic influences?

hosts

22

Have well-defined weak (two and four) and strong (one and three) beats

European music models

23

Unlike European mudic models, African music tends to be:

Less consistent

24

When accents are somehow shifted away from pulses typically stressed, what occurs?

25

A simple form of syncopation can occur by merely moving the tpical accent on beats one and three of a march to beats:

two and four

26

Many African styles were merged through migration with folk music from where?

Caribbean, West Indies, and Latin America