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Flashcards in ch 10-exam study guide Deck (37):
1

hormones from the ___, which travel in the hypophyseal portal vessels, alter the activity of the anterior pituitary

hypothalamus

2

this hormone is released from the anterior pituitary gland and travels to its target cells in the kidney to control water retention

ADH

3

hormone concentration levels are most commonly controlled by

negative feedback

4

which of the following primarily targets the gonads (ovaries and testes)

follicle-stimulating hormone

5

the pituitary hormone that controls the release of glucocorticoids is

ACTH

6

the pituitary hormone that promotes testosterone release in males and ovulation in females is

LH

7

excessive urine production, which is a characteristic symptom of all forms of ___

diabetes mellitus

8

the hormone oxytocin

is involved in the mild "letdown" relfex

9

hormones produced by the ___ are derived from molecules to which iodine atoms have been attached

thyroid gland

10

increased levels of the hormone ___ will lead to decreased levels of Ca ions in the blood

calcitonin

11

the hormone that causes the activation of osteoclasts is

parathyroid hormone

12

the release of parathyroid hormone is controlled by

blood Ca ion levels

13

the hormone that inhibits osteoblasts is

parathyroid hormone

14

cells of the adrenal cortex produce

corticosteroids

15

one hormone that is released from the adrenal medulla is

epinephrine

16

the outer zone of the adrenal cortex produces

glucocorticoids

17

the endocrine system

relies on the release of chemicals that bind to target cells

18

which of the following are sex hormones that are produced by the adrenal cortex
a. androgens
b. prostaglandins
c. glucocorticoids
d. mineralocorticoids
e. aldosterone

a

19

melatonin is the hormone produced by the

pineal gland

20

which of the following is a pancreatic hormone that is released when blood glucose levels rise
a. growth hormone
b. cortisol
c. insulin
d. glucagon
e. erythropoietin

c

21

when blood glucose levels fall,

glucagon is released

22

the hormone secreted by the pancreatic alpha cells would result in ___

increased synthesis and release of glucose by the liver

23

hormone-producing cells of the testes produce

renin

24

the hormone that dominates during the Alarm Phase of the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) is

epinephrine

25

the hormones that dominate during the resistance phase of the general adaptation syndrome are the

glucocorticoids

26

hyper secretion of glucocorticoids causes

cushing disease

27

thyroid hormone insufficiency in infancy results in which of the following

cretinism

28

this hormone is hypersecreted when the following symptoms occur, high blood pressure and rapid heart rate, palpitations, excessive sweating, high glucose levels, and hypertension

epinephrine

29

any condition that threatens homeostasis produces ___ in our bodies

stress

30

what are the 3 stages of gas in order of occurrence

alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

31

what is the 3 step process of hormonal action in a cell

receptor, conversion, response

32

juvenile onset produces little or no insulin, insulin dependent

type 1 diabetes

33

condition where the pituitary produces too much GH and individuals will exhibit enlarged peripheral parts of the body including the head and face

acromegaly

34

caused by prolong exposure to cortisol, and results in fat accumulation around the neck

cushings disease

35

disease results from resistance of receptors cells to accept insulin

type 2 diabetes

36

hyperthyroidism in infants and can cause developmental delay

cretinism

37

hypocortisolism results in bronzed skin, dehydration, and craving salty foods

addison's disease