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Flashcards in Ch 10 Language Deck (12):
0

Language

Our spoken, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning

1

Phoneme

In a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit

2

Morpheme

In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning, may be a word or a part of a word

3

Grammar

In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

4

Semantics

Set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words and sentences in a given language

5

Syntax

Rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language

6

Babbling stage

Beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utter various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

7

One word stage

Stage in speech development, about 1-2 during which a child speaks mostly in single words

8

Two word stage

Beginning age 2, stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two word statements

9

Telegraphic speech

Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting auxiliary words "go car"

10

Linguistic determinism

Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think

11

Noam Chomsky

One of the most famous linguists of all time