Ch 11 Flashcards Preview

Exam 4 > Ch 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 11 Deck (39):
1

a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods

industrial revolution which occured first in the United Kingdom

2

home based manufacturing was known as

cottage industry system

3

first industries impacted by the industrial revolution were:

Iron coal, transportation, textiles, chemicals food processing

4

industry is concentrated in 3 of 9 of the worlds regions

East Asia Europe and North America outside of it India and Brazil

5

ferrous means

an alloy that contains iron; chromium manganese molybdenum, nickel tin titanium tungsten

6

nonferrous metals

important metals utilized to manufacture products that don't contain iron and steel; copper, lead, lithium, magnesium, zinc precious metals and rare earth metals

7

an industry in which the inputs weigh more than the final products is called

bulk-reducing industry

8

what is bulk-reducing industry?

makes something that gains volume or weight during production/ located near where the product is sold

9

What are single market manufacturers ?

specialized manufacturers with only one or two customers. The optimal location for these factories is often in close proximity to the customers.
An example would be specialized components that attach to clothing buttons, zippers clips, pins

10

What doe break of bulk point mean?

a location where transfer among transportation modes is possible. Important places would be seaports and airports

11

four steps of copper production

mining concentration smelting and refining. the first three are are good examples of bulk-reducing activities the last is not so it does not need to be near inputs.

12

steel making is an example of what kind of industry?

Bulk-reducing industry that is located its facilities because of situation factors

13

two changes in situation factors have influenced changes in the distribution of steel mills within the united states and world wide is

1 changes in the relative importance of the main inputs and 2 increasing importance of proximity to inputs

14

Name one of the three main site factors that influence the location of a factory?

capital / labor/ and land

15


The lowest-cost form of transporting goods very long distances is _____.

boat

16


Producers of automobiles select locations primarily because of access to _____.

markets or consumers

17


The U.S. steel industry moved westward in the nineteenth century primarily because of better
access to _____.

iron ore

18

true or false
The most important industrial area in Western Europe, the Rhine-Ruhr valley, has large
deposits of coal.

true

19


The dominant industrial power in the nineteenth century was Great Britain. true or false

true

20

false or true
The major source of energy for steam engines during the industrial revolution was wood.

false no coal

21

true or false
Prior to the industrial revolution, cottage industries were commonly found.

true

22

true or false
Industry is uniformly distributed across Earth.

false

23


Transnational corporations have transferred some work to less developed countries because
of access to

labor

24

The biggest industrial challenge for former communist countries is

unequal distribution of industry

25

Significant site factors include all but which of the following
capital labor land transportation

transportation

26


Copper concentration is a bulk-reducing industry, because

the final product has a much higher value per weight

27


In order to become a major industrial power, Japan has had to overcome which of the
following problems?

distance from consumers

28


Today, New England's most significant industrial asset is its


Correct skilled labor force

29


The major contribution made by the chemical industry to the textile industry was

bleaching

30

The most important transportation improvement in the eighteenth century was the

canal after the 18th century it was the railroad.

31

The cottage industry system involved manufacturing

in the home

32


The industrial revolution originated in Great Britain approximately

1750

33

Common fabricated goods, meaning the fabrication of parts and machinery from steel and other metals

Microwave television refrigerator wave ovens and air conditioners

34

I didn't buy the oldest Industral area in the United States

Southern new England

35

Identify the dominant Market Center between Atlantic and Pacific Coast

Chicago

36

Identify the large industrial area that lacks abundant wealth materials

The mid Rhine

37

Oh river Basson is located

Italy

38

Manufacturing impute consist of

Materials

39

Corroboration and competition within and among trading blocks take place primarily through the actions of

Multinational corporations