Flashcards in Ch 11 Deck (39):
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
industrial revolution which occured first in the United Kingdom
home based manufacturing was known as
cottage industry system
first industries impacted by the industrial revolution were:
Iron coal, transportation, textiles, chemicals food processing
industry is concentrated in 3 of 9 of the worlds regions
East Asia Europe and North America outside of it India and Brazil
an alloy that contains iron; chromium manganese molybdenum, nickel tin titanium tungsten
important metals utilized to manufacture products that don't contain iron and steel; copper, lead, lithium, magnesium, zinc precious metals and rare earth metals
an industry in which the inputs weigh more than the final products is called
what is bulk-reducing industry?
makes something that gains volume or weight during production/ located near where the product is sold
What are single market manufacturers ?
specialized manufacturers with only one or two customers. The optimal location for these factories is often in close proximity to the customers.
An example would be specialized components that attach to clothing buttons, zippers clips, pins
What doe break of bulk point mean?
a location where transfer among transportation modes is possible. Important places would be seaports and airports
four steps of copper production
mining concentration smelting and refining. the first three are are good examples of bulk-reducing activities the last is not so it does not need to be near inputs.
steel making is an example of what kind of industry?
Bulk-reducing industry that is located its facilities because of situation factors
two changes in situation factors have influenced changes in the distribution of steel mills within the united states and world wide is
1 changes in the relative importance of the main inputs and 2 increasing importance of proximity to inputs
Name one of the three main site factors that influence the location of a factory?
capital / labor/ and land
The lowest-cost form of transporting goods very long distances is _____.
Producers of automobiles select locations primarily because of access to _____.
markets or consumers
The U.S. steel industry moved westward in the nineteenth century primarily because of better
access to _____.
true or false
The most important industrial area in Western Europe, the Rhine-Ruhr valley, has large
deposits of coal.
The dominant industrial power in the nineteenth century was Great Britain. true or false
false or true
The major source of energy for steam engines during the industrial revolution was wood.
false no coal
true or false
Prior to the industrial revolution, cottage industries were commonly found.
true or false
Industry is uniformly distributed across Earth.
Transnational corporations have transferred some work to less developed countries because
of access to
The biggest industrial challenge for former communist countries is
unequal distribution of industry
Significant site factors include all but which of the following
capital labor land transportation
Copper concentration is a bulk-reducing industry, because
the final product has a much higher value per weight
In order to become a major industrial power, Japan has had to overcome which of the
distance from consumers
Today, New England's most significant industrial asset is its
Correct skilled labor force
The major contribution made by the chemical industry to the textile industry was
The most important transportation improvement in the eighteenth century was the
canal after the 18th century it was the railroad.
The cottage industry system involved manufacturing
in the home
The industrial revolution originated in Great Britain approximately
Common fabricated goods, meaning the fabrication of parts and machinery from steel and other metals
Microwave television refrigerator wave ovens and air conditioners
I didn't buy the oldest Industral area in the United States
Southern new England
Identify the dominant Market Center between Atlantic and Pacific Coast
Identify the large industrial area that lacks abundant wealth materials
The mid Rhine
Oh river Basson is located
Manufacturing impute consist of