ch 11 Flashcards Preview

crim 101 > ch 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ch 11 Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

the framework for understanding how decisions are made by weighing perceived costs and benefits

choice theory

2

the assumption that humans are rational and have free will and that offenders make conscious choice to commit a crime based on a cost-benefit analysis

rational choice theory

3

decisions are often made imperfectly due to limits of our knowledge and circumstance, so our rationality is bounded

bounded/limited rationality

4

choices are made based on what one perceives will provide the greatest rewards for the lowest costs

utility maximization

5

name the 3 types of poor choices

impulsive, imperfect, and impaired

6

with whom does crime choice theory originate?

cesare beccaria

7

beccaria's term for when people calculate to make choices in their best interest

hedonistic calculus

8

what is jeremy bentham known for?

the theory of utilitarianism

9

what is gary becker known for?

an economic approach to studying crime

10

what is daniel kahneman known for?

work on intuitive choices

11

what is derek cornish known for? (2)

rational choice way of thinking and criminological choice theory

12

what is ronald v clarke known for? (2)

rational choice and situational crime prevention

13

what are the 4 key decision stages in a criminal career?

initial involvement, criminal event, continuing involvement, desistence

14

the steps in decision making and the sequence of actions for a particular criminal event

script

15

felson's theory that everyday routines are key determinants of crime opportunities

routine activities theory

16

what does CRAVED stand for

concealable, removable, available, valuable, enjoyable, disposable

17

helps explain how crime patterns arise and how offenders move in the urban environment

crime pattern theory

18

routes along which we travel

paths

19

main places we travel to and from

nodes

20

areas between differently used types of land where crime is more likely

edges

21

areas where crime often groups along roads or transport routes

ridges

22

places that attract offenders because the have a reputation as good places to commit crime

attractors

23

places where crime is more likely to occur because of the high volumes of suitable targets and potential victims with low guardianship

generators

24

level of crime opportunities is the main cause of crime

crime opportunity theory

25

seek to explain variations between people's tendencies to commit crime (bio or psych)

dispositional theory

26

seeks to alter the costs and benefits involved in crime choices to reduce crime opportunities

situational crime prevention

27

the concept that crime prevention can start at the design process of products and places

designing-out

28

list 5 categories of situational crime prevention methods

increase the effort, increase the risks, reduce the rewards, reduce provocations, and remove excuses

29

what does CPTED stand for

crime prevention through environmental design