Ch. 11 Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 11 Diagnostic Terms Deck (15):
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otitis externa

inflammation of the external auditory meatus (canal)

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cerumen impaction

excessive buildup of wax in the ear that often reduces hearing acuity, especially in elderly persons

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myringitis; tympanitis

inflammation of the eardrum

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otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear

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aerotitis media

inflammation of the middle ear from changes in atmospheric pressure; often occurs with frequent air travel

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eustachian obstruction

blockage of the Eustachian tube, usually as a result of infection, as in otitis media

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otosclerosis

hardening of the bony tissue in the ear

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acoustic neuroma

benign tumor on the auditory nerve that causes vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss

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labyrinthitis

inflammation of the labyrinth (inner ear)

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Méniére disease

disorder of the inner ear resulting from an excessive buildup of endolymphatic fluid, causing episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss

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deafness

general term for partial or complete loss of hearing

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conductive hearing loss

hearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear or ossicles

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sensorineural hearing loss

hearing impairment caused by lesions or dysfunction of the cochlea or auditory nerve

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mixed hearing loss

combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss

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presbyacusis; presbycusis

hearing impairment in old age

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