ch 11 racial & ethnic inequality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 11 racial & ethnic inequality Deck (23):
1

a group set apart because of obvious physical differences

racial group

2

physical (racial) distinctions only become important when people attach cultural meanings to them

racial group

3

racial identity becomes associated with character, ability, or behavior

racial group

4

a group set apart from others primarily because of its national origin (geographic) or distinctive cultural patterns

ethnic group

5

-noticeable
-must bind the group together and separate them from others

cultural patterns distinctive of ethnic groups

6

process by which people come to define a group as a race based in part on physical characteristics, but also on historical, cultural, and economic factors

social construction of race

7

children whose parents are from different groups are automatically put into the minority group

hypodescent

8

Obama is half white, half black, but is associated with the minority (black)

hypodescent

9

a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than members of a dominant group

minority group

10

economic/political powerlessness

minority group issue of concern

11

1. experience unequal treatment
2. distinguishing characteristics
3. involuntary membership
4. strong sense of group solidarity
5. in-group marriage

5 basic properties of minority group

12

unreliable generalizations about all members of a group that do not recognize individual differences within the group

stereotypes

13

describes a person/group as having particular characteristics and then they begin to display those very traits

self-fulfilling prophecy (similar to labeling theory)

14

attitude that prejudges a person based on real or imagined characteristics (stereotypes) of a group of which that person is a member

prejudice

15

negative attitude toward an entire category of people

prejudice

16

the process of denying opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of arbitrary reasons - not just racial

discrimination

17

attitude

prejudice

18

behavior

discrimation

19

believing that one race is supreme and others are inferior

racism

20

cause minority group members to experience prejudice, discrimination, and exploitation

racism

21

assume our own culture and way of life represents the norm and is superior to others

ethnocentrism

22

invisible barrier blocking the promotion of qualified individuals due to gender, race, or ethnicity

glass ceiling

23

study Allport's Theory of Contact

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