ch 12 age & gender discrimination Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 12 age & gender discrimination Deck (52):
1

prejudice/discrimination against the elderly; reflects uneasiness about growing old

ageism (Robert Butler)

2

society/aging individual should mutually sever relationships

disengagement theory
(functionalist - everything meets a need)

3

emphasizes importance of passing on social roles to ensure social stability

disengagement theory
(functionalist - everything meets a need)

4

aging person withdraws as approach of death forces them to drop most social roles

disengagement theory
(functionalist - everything meets a need)

5

society withdraws from elderly placing them in retirement homes

disengagement theory
(functionalist - everything meets a need)

6

implies society should help elderly withdraw from social roles so society can function

disengagement theory
(functionalist - everything meets a need)

7

elderly who remain ACTIVE will be most well-adjusted

activity theory
(interactionist)

8

believe elderly have need for social interaction

activity theory
(interactionist)

9

see withdrawal as harmful for both elderly and society

activity theory
(interactionist)

10

focus on contributions of elderly to maintain society

activity theory
(interactionist)

11

disagrees with both activity and disengagement theory

conflict theory of age

12

other perspectives ignore impact of social class in lives of elderly

conflict theory of age

13

privileged position of upper class provides better opportunity and less dependency in old age

conflict theory of age

14

low status of elderly seen in prejudice and discrimination against them

conflict theory of age

15

in the U.S. women earn $0.81 for every $1.00 a man earns for full time jobs

gender stratification

16

women work a full day at a job, then do most of the domestic chores when they get home

second shift
Arlie Hochschild

17

relationship of the number of men to women

sex ratio

18

usually expressed as a ratio of the number of men per 100 women ex. 107 men to 100 women or 1.07 sex ratio

sex ratio

19

-geographic mobility
-female infanticide
-health and diet
-differential life expectancy (women live longer than men)
are all causes of...

sex ratios

20

study Guttentag & Secord Theory

now

21

______ is equal to their inability to achieve their goals outside of the relationship

the power dependency of a person

22

capacity of each member of a dyad to impose their will on the other; supply-demand power

dyadic power

23

the gender with excess supply will be more dependent on the scarce gender

dyadic power

24

the dependent members of the dyad seek to improve their bargaining position

structural power

25

try to shape social structures to serve their own interests

structural power

26

gender with greater numbers will try to utilize structural power to offset their disadvantages of dyadic power

structural power

27

brides should be virgins

more men

28

wives must be faithful

more men

29

women should devote themselves to being a wife and mother

more men

30

women defined as unsuited for positions of power and authority

more men

31

these norms are socialized from birth and internalized by both genders

more men

32

usually begin from long history of excess males, a male biased society

fewer men (low sex ratio)

33

generates "sexual revolution" for women (structural power)

fewer men (low sex ratio)

34

organize into women's movement

fewer men (low sex ratio)

35

less gender inequality

fewer men (low sex ratio)

36

girls and boys given similiar education

fewer men (low sex ratio)

37

men reluctant to marry, premarital sex increases (dyadic power)

fewer men (low sex ratio)

38

marriage unstable

fewer men (low sex ratio)

39

liberal values

fewer men (low sex ratio)

40

women are more into the workplace

fewer men (low sex ratio)

41

women are slender

fewer men (low sex ratio)

42

women lack power, rights

more men (high sex ratio)

43

women are seen as property, highly prized and romanticized

more men (high sex ratio)

44

women isolated by protective sexual norms

more men (high sex ratio)

45

sexual "double standard" (greater approval of extramarital sex for men)

more men (high sex ratio)

46

highly visible presence of "disreputable" roles (prostitutes)

more men (high sex ratio)

47

marriage stable, revered (structural power)

more men (high sex ratio)

48

conservative values

more men (high sex ratio)

49

women stay home (structural power)

more men (high sex ratio)

50

men grow more facial hair

more men (high sex ratio)

51

women are curvaceous ex. Kim K

more men (high sex ratio)

52

are there more men or women in society today?

more men (high sex ratio)