Ch 12 Evolve Quiz Flashcards Preview

A&P > Ch 12 Evolve Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 12 Evolve Quiz Deck (40)
Loading flashcards...
1

panic attack symptoms

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

2

increased heart rate

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

3

increased blood pressure

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

4

construction of the pupils of the eyes

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

B) parasympathetic

5

urination

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

B) parasympathetic

6

construction of the blood vessels

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

7

dilation of the pupils of the eyes

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

8

profuse perspiration (diaphoresis)

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

9

decreased heart rate

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

B) parasympathetic

10

relaxation of the breathing passages (bronchioles)

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

11

activates muscarinic receptors

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

B) parasympathetic

12

postganglionic neurotransmitter is norepinephrine

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

13

postganglionic neurotransmitter is ACh

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

B) parasympathetic

14

mimics vagal discharge

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

B) parasympathetic

15

has paravertebral ganglia

A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic

A) sympathetic

16

which of the following cholinergic receptors is located in the neuromuscular junction (skeletal muscle)?
A) alpha
B) muscarinic
C) beta
D) Nm

D) Nm

17

which of the following is characteristic of the sympathetic nervous system?
A) fight-to-flight
B) thoracolumbar
C) paravertebral ganglia
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

18

which of the following is least characteristic of the parasympathetic nervous system?
A) craniosacral
B) cholinergic only
C) paravertebral ganglia
D) postganglionic transmitter ACh

C) paravertebral ganglia

19

the effects of adrenal medullary secretion most resembles
A) thoracolumbar outflow
B) beta adrenergic blockade
C) parasympathetic nerve discharge
D) vagal discharge

A) thoracolumbar outflow

20

an adrenergic fiber is one that
A) is classifies as cholinergic
B) is an autonomic preganglionic fiber
C) secretes norepinephrine as its neurotransmitter
D) secretes ACh as it neurotransmitter

C) secretes norepinephrine as its neurotransmitter

21

alpha & beta receptors are
A) blocked by norepinephrine
B) chronlinergic receptors
C) stimulated by ACh
D) activated by catecholamines such as dopamine

D) activated by catecholamines such as dopamine

22

what is the primary effect of an alpha1 agonist?
A) bronchiolar smooth muscle relaxation (bronchodilation)
B) increased heart rate
C) increased force of myocardial contraction
D) constriction of the arterioles, thereby elevating blood pressure

D) constriction of the arterioles, thereby elevating blood pressure

23

which of the following is most likely to cause bronchodilation?
A) alpha1 adrenergic agonist
B) alpha1 adrenergic blocker
C) muscarinic agonist
D) beta2 adrenergic agonist

D) beta2 adrenergic agonist

24

which of the following is most likely to increase the strength of cardiac contraction?
A) alpha1 adrenergic blocker
B) muscarinic antagonist
C) cholinergic blocker
D) beta1 adrenergic agonist

D) beta1 adrenergic agonist

25

a drug acts as an anticholinesterase will activate
A) beta1 adrenergic receptors
B) alpha1 adrenergic receptors
C) muscarinic receptors
D) beta2 adrenergic receptors

C) muscarinic receptors

26

which of the following is an effect of parasympathetic discharge?
A) slowing of heart rate
B) increased blood pressure
C) tachycardia
D) mydriasis

A) slowing of heart rate

27

which of the following is an effect or sympathetic discharge?
A) increased heart rate
B) decreased blood pressure
C) bradycardia
D) pupillary constriction

A) increased heart rate

28

which of the following is the basis for the name "belladonna" (beautiful woman)?
A) alpha1 adrenergic receptor blockade
B) pupillary dilation
C) pupillary constriction
D) increased fluttering of the eyelids

B) pupillary dilation

29

sympathetic & parasympathetic nerves
A) are cranial nerves
B) innervate voluntary skeletal muscles
C) include the phrenic, sciatic, & brachial nerves
D) innervate the viscera

D) innervate the viscera

30

a drug that causes the heart to beat stronger & faster is called
A) parasympathetic
B) sympathetic
C) sympathetic
D) anticholinergic

B) sympathetic

31

which of the following is an effect of parasympathetic discharge?
A) increased heart rate
B) increased blood pressure
C) constriction of the pupil of the eye
D) stronger contraction of the heart

C) constriction of the pupil of the eye

32

vasomotor tone is
A) a vasodilator effect caused by background firing of the sympathetic nerves
B) a vagally induced peripheral vasodilation
C) caused by parasympathomimetic drugs
D) caused by background firing of the sympathetic nerves supplying the blood vessels

D) caused by background firing of the sympathetic nerves supplying the blood vessels

33

paravertebral ganglia
A) are part of the sympathetic nervous system
B) "drive" the vagus nerve
C) are located within the effector organs
D) contain muscarinic receptors

A) are part of the sympathetic nervous system

34

identify the name of the receptor on the effector organs of the parasympathetic nerves
A) aloha adrenergic
B) nicotinic (Nm)
C) beta1 adrenergic
D) muscarinic

D) muscarinic

35

atropine is classified as a muscarinic antagonist or blocker & therefore is
A) parasympathomimetic
B) sympatholytic
C) vagolytic
D) sympathomimetic

C) vagolytic

36

which of the following is true of the vagus nerve?
A) cholinergic
B) increases heart rate
C) its effect on the heart is eliminated by a beta blocker
D) its transmitter is NE

A) cholinergic

37

vagal discharge activates
A) muscarinic receptors
B) alpha1 adrenergic receptors
C) beta1 adrenergic receptors
D) the paravertebral ganglia

A) muscarinic receptors

38

sympathetic nervous system stimulation causes vasoconstriction, thereby elevating blood pressure. which if the following drug classifications lowers blood pressure?
A) vagolytic C) aloha1 adrenergic agonist
B) sympatholytic D) vagomimetic

B) sympatholytic

39

a patient has a vagally induced bradycardia (slow heart rate). which of the following will relieve the bradycardia?
A) muscarinic antagonist
B) beta1 adrenergic blockade
C) vagomimetic
D) alpha1 adrenergic agonist

A) muscarinic antagonist

40

which of the following is least related to the "feed-and-breed" system?
A) pyramidal tracts
B) parasympathetic nervous system
C) craniosacral outflow
D) preganglionic & postganglionic fibers are cholinergic

A) pyramidal tracts