Ch 12: Substance Use and Addictive Disorders Flashcards Preview

Abnormal Psychology > Ch 12: Substance Use and Addictive Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 12: Substance Use and Addictive Disorders Deck (34):
1

What are the effects of depressant on the body?

Slow CNS activity
Reduce tension
Interferes w/ judgment,motor activity

2

What are the 3 widely used groups of depressants?

Alcohol, opioids and sedative hypnotic drugs

3

A binge drinking episode is more than ________ drink at a single time

5

4

Ethyl alcohol binds to _______.

GABA

5

What enzyme in alcohol affects concentration?

alcohol dehydrogenase

6

What are the medical illnesses associated with alcoholism?

cirrhosis of the liver
Korsakoff's
Fetal alcohol syndrome

7

What are the DSM5 categories of Alcoholism?

Alcohol use disorder
Alcohol intoxication
Alcohol withdrawal
Unspecified alcohol related disorder
Alcohol induced disorders

8

What are the effects of anxiolytics?

produces relaxation and drowsiness

9

What type of drug was a precursor to benzodiazepines?

Barbituates (Worked like alcohol)

10

Both benzodiazepines and barbiturates work on ________.

GABA

11

What are some kinds of synthetic opioids?

methadone, codeine, hydrocodone, oxycontin

12

What are the effects of stimulus?

Increased activity of CNS
Raises BP
Increases HR and awareness

13

What neurotransmitters does cocaine effect?

dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin

14

Amphetamines releases what Neurotransmitters?

dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine.

15

What are the dangers of stimulant use disorder?

short term memory loss
attention issues
dysfunction in daily life

16

Synesthesia crosses your ________

senses

17

What is MDMA?

produces hallucinations, increases serotonin and dopamine

18

What is the most prevalent cannabis and its effects?

marijuana
can produce depressant, stimulant and halucinogenic effects

19

Pot can cause ______ ______ that can last 3 to 6 hours.

panic attacks

20

What are some side effects of pot?

Blood flow change, low sensorimotor function

21

Building a tolerance for similar drugs, even if you've never taken them is known as what?

cross tolerance

22

What is the synergistic effects?

combined impact of multiple drugs are greater than sum of each alone

23

Combining drugs that work differently can cause serious outcomes?

antagonistic action

24

What is the sociocultural view of the cause of substance use disorder?

Stressful socioeconomic condition
Families that encourage abuse

25

What is the psychodynamic view of the cause of substance use disorder?

Dependency traced to childhood
Personality of drug addict is impulsive and anti-social

26

What is the cognitive behavioral view of the cause of substance use disorder?

operant conditioning: drugs are rewarding
Classical: cues impact drug use

27

What is the biological view of the cause of substance use disorder?

Genetic predisposition: adoption, twin studies

28

High drug use equals low ___________ activity

neurotransmitter

29

Hypersensitivity occurs if stimulated frequently by drugs; neurotransmitter fires more readily when drugs stimulate area; increases desire.

Reward center of brain

30

pleasure not achieved by typical events, leads to drug use

Reward deficiency center

31

What are some concerns with drug use treatment?

different treatments
high drop out rates
No standardized criteria

32

Psychodynamic treatment for drug abuse is what?

Identify underlying needs and conflicts

33

What are the tenets of behavioral therapy in drug abuse disorder?

aversion therapy
contingency management

34

What are the tenets of cognitive behavior therapy?

Identify and change behaviors and cognitions
relapse prevention therapy