Ch. 13 & 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 13 & 14 Deck (220):
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Albumin

Protein in blood- maintains proper amt of water in blood

1

Antigen

Stimulates production of antibody

2

Basophils

White blood cell containing granules that stain blue

3

Bilirubin

Pigment in bile

4

Coagulation

Blood clotting

5

Colony stimulating factor

Protein that stimulates growth of white blood cells

6

Differentiation

Change in and structure and fx of a cell as if matures

7

Electrophoresis

Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge

8

Eosinophil

White blood cell containing granules that stain red- associated with allergic rxs

9

Erythroblast

Immature rbc

10

Erythropoietin

Hormone secreted by kidneys that stimulates rbc formation

11

Fibrin

Protein that forms basis of a blood clot

12

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in clotting process

13

Globulin

Plasma protein- alpha, beta, gamma

14

Granulocyte

White blood cell with numerous dark staining granules- eosinophil, neutrophil, and basophils

15

Hematopoietic stem cell

Cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood cells

16

Hemoglobin

Blood protein containing iron- carries oxygen in rbc

17

Hemolysis

Destruction of breakdown of blood

18

Heparin

Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells

19

Lymphocyte

Mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies

20

Macrophage

Monocytes that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces- destroys worn out rbc

21

Megakaryocyte

Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow

22

Monocytes

Leukocyte with one large nucleus- engulfs foreign material and debris

23

Mononuclear

Pertaining to a cell with single round nucleus

24

Myeloblast

Immature bone marrow that gives rise to granulocytes

25

Neutrophil

Tissue fighting cell- formed in bone marrow

26

Plasma

Liquid portion of blood

27

Plasmapheresis

Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge

28

Platelet

Small blood fragment that collects at sites of injury to begin clotting process

29

Polymorphonuclear

Pertaining to a white blood cell with a multi-lobed

30

Prothrombin

Plasma protein

31

Reticulocyte

Immature erythrocytes

32

Rh factor

Antigen on rbc of rh positive individuals

33

Serum

Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells

34

Stem cell

Unspecialized cell

35

Thrombin

Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation

36

Thrombocytes

Platelet

37

Base

Bas/o

38

Color

Chrom/o

39

Clotting(CF)

Coagul/o

40

Red, dawn, rosy

Eosin/o

41

Granules

Granul/o

42

Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin/o

43

Same, equal

Is/o

44

Nucleus

Kary/o

45

One,single

Mon/o

46

Shape,form

Morph/o

47

Bone marrow

Myel/o

48

Neutral

Neutr/o

49

Eat,swallow

Phag/o

50

Varied, irregular

Poikil/o

51

Iron

Sider/o

52

Globe,round

Spher/o

53

Removal, a carrying away

-apheresis

54

Immature cell, embryonic (suf)

-blast

55

Abnormal condition of cells (suf)

-cytosis

56

Blood condition

-emia

57

Giving rise to, producing

-gen

58

Protein(suf)

-globin
-globulin

59

Pertaining to destruction (suf)

-lytic

60

Derived of originating from (suf)

-oid

61

Abnormal condition (suf)

-osis

62

Attraction for (an increase in cell numbers) (s)

-philia

63

Carrying, transmission(s)

-phoresis

64

Formation (s)

-poiesis

65

Stop, control (s)

-stasis

66

Eat, swallow (s)

-phage

67

Dyscrasia

Disease

68

Aplastic anemia

Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow

69

Hemolytic anemia

Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction

70

Pernicious anemia

Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin b12 into the bloodstream

71

Thalassemia

Inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin, leading to hypochromia

72

Hemochromatosis

Excess iron deposits throughout the body

73

Polycythemia Vera

General increase in red blood cells (erytheremia)

74

Hemophilia

Excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors necessary for blood clotting

75

Purpura

Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin

76

Remission

Disappearance of signs and symptoms of disease

77

Relapse

Disease signs and symptoms reappear

78

Granulocytosis

Abnormal increase in granulocytes in blood

79

Mononucleosis

Infectious disease marked by increased numbers of mononuclear leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes

80

Multiple myeloma

Malignant neoplasm of bone marrow

81

Anti globulin test(Coombs test)

Test for presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes

82

Bleeding time

Time required for blood to stop flowing from a tiny puncture wound

83

Coagulation time

Time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube

84

Complete blood count (CBC)

Determination of numbers of blood cells

85

Erythrocytes sedimentation rate

Speed at which erythrocytes settle out of plasma

86

Hemocrit (Hct)

Percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood

87

Hemoglobin test

Total amount of hemoglobin in a sample of peripheral blood

88

Platelet count

Number of platelets per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood

89

Prothrombin time (PT)

Test of the ability of blood to clot

90

Red blood cell count (RBC)

Number of erythrocytes per mm3 or uL of blood

91

Red blood cell morphology

Microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells

92

White blood cell count (WBC)

Number of leukocytes per cubic milliliter or uL of blood

93

White blood cell differential count

Percentages of different types of leukocytes in blood

94

Apheresis

Separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select portion from the blood

95

Blood transfusion

Whole blood or cells are taken from a donor and infused into a patient

96

Bone marrow biopsy

Microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle

97

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered to a recipient

98

Ab

Antibody

99

ABMT

Autologous bone marrow transplantation

100

ABO

Four main blood types A,B,AB,O

101

ALL

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

102

AML

Acute myelogenous leukemia

103

ANC

Absolute neutrophil count

104

ASCT

Autologous stem cell transplantation

105

Bands

Immature white blood cells

106

Baso

Basophils

107

BMT

Bone marrow transplantation

108

CBC

Complete blood count

109

CLL

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

110

CML

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

111

DIC

Disseminated intravascular

112

Diff

Differential count

113

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

114

eos

Eosinophils

115

EPO

Erythropoietin

116

ESR

Erythrocytes sedimentation rate

117

Fe

Iron

118

G-CSF

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

119

GM-CSF

Granulocyte-macrophage colony

120

g/dL

Gram per deciliter

121

GVHD

Graft versus host disease

122

HCL

Hairy cell leukemia

123

Hct

Hematocrit

124

Hgb, HGB

Hemoglobin

125

H and H

Hemoglobin and hematocrit

126

HLA

Human leukocyte antigen

127

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

Immunoglobulins

128

Lymphs

Lymphocyte

129

MCH

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin

130

MCHC

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

131

MCV

Mean corpuscular volume

132

MDS

Myelodysplastic syndrome

133

mm3

Cubic millimeter

134

Mono

Monocytes

135

polys, PMNs, PMNLs

Polymorphonuclear leukocytes

136

PT, pro time

Prothrombin time

137

PTT

Partial thromboplastin time

138

RBC

Red blood cell

139

sed rate

Erythrocytes sedimentation rate

140

segs

Segmented,mature white blood cells

141

SMAC

Sequential multiple analyzer computer

142

WNL

Within normal limits

143

Adaptive immunity

Ability to recognize and remember specific antigens and mount an attack on them

144

Adenoids

Mass of lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx

145

Antibody

Protein produced by B cells to destroy antigens

146

Antigen

Substance that the body recognizes as foreign- leads to immune response

147

Axillary nodes

Lymph nodes in the armpit

148

B cell

Lymphocyte that matures into a plasma cell to secrete antibodies

149

Cell-mediated immunity

T cells that respond to antigens and destroy them

150

Cervical nodes

Lymph nodes in the neck region

151

Complement system

Proteins in the blood that help antibodies kill their target

152

Cytokines

Proteins secrete by cytotoxic T cells to aid in antigen destruction

153

Cytotoxic T cell

Lymphocyte that directly kills antigens

154

Dendritic cell

Antigen- presenting cell

155

Helper T cell

Lymphocyte that aids B cells and stimulates T cells

156

Humoral immunity

B cells produce antibodies after exposure to specific antigens

157

Immunity

Body's ability to resist foreign organisms and toxins that damage tissues and organs

158

Immunoglobulins

Secrete in response to the presence of an antigen

159

Immunotherapy

Use of immune cells,antibodies or vaccines to treat or prevent disease

160

Inguinal nodes

Lymph nodes in the groin region

161

Interferons

Proteins secreted by T cells and other cells to aid and regulate immune response

162

Interleukins

Proteins that stimulate the growth of b and t lymphocytes

163

Interstitial fluid

Fluid in the spaces between cells

164

Lymph

Thin, watery fluid found with lymphatic vessels and collected from tissues throughout the body

165

Lymph capillaries

Tiniest lymphatic vessels

166

Lymphoid organs

Lymph nodes, spleen,thymus gland

167

Lymph node

Collection of stationary solid lymphatic tissue along lymph vessels

168

Lymph vessel

Carrier of lymph throughout the body

169

Macrophage

Large phagocyte found in lymph nodes and other tissues of the body

170

Mediastinal nodes

Lymph nodes in the area between the lungs In the chest

171

Mesenteric nodes

Lymph nodes in the intestinal region

172

Monoclonal antibody

Antibody produced in a lab to attack antigens and to destroy cells

173

Natural immunity

Protection that an individual is born with to fight infection

174

Para aortic nodes

Lymph nodes near aorta in lumbar area of body

175

Plasma cell

Lymphocyte that secretes antibodies

176

Right lymphatic duct

Lymphatic vessel in the chest that drains lymph from the upper right part of body

177

Spleen

Destroys worn out rbc

178

Suppressor T cell

Lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of b and T cells

179

T cell

Lymphocyte that acts directly on antigens to destroy them

180

Tolerance

The ability of t lymphocytes to recognize and accept the body's own antigens as self or friendly

181

Thoracic duct

Large lymphatic vessel that drains lymph from the lower and left side of the body

182

Thymus gland

Lymphoid organ in the mediastinum that conditions T cells to react to foreign cells and aids in the immune response

183

Lymph node (CF)

Lymphaden/o

184

Thymus gland

Thym/o

185

Again, anew (p)

Ana-

186

Between (p)

Inter-

187

Wasting syndrome

Weight loss, decrease in muscular strength, appetite and mental activity

188

Atopy

Hypersensitive or allergic state involving an inherited predisposition

189

CD4 and cell count

Measures the number of these cells in bloodstream of patients with AIDS

190

Hodgkin disease

Malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue in spleen and lymph nodes

191

Kaposi syndrome

Malignant lesion associate with aids- arises from lining of capillaries and damp pears as red purple,,,

192

Opportunistic infections

HIV lowers body's resistance and allows infection by bacteria- infectious disease associated with AIDS

193

Protease inhibitor

Drug that treats AIDS by blocking the production new viral pieces for HIV (protease)

194

Reverse transcriptase inhibitor (RTI)

Treats aids- blocks enzyme needed to make copies of HIV

195

ELISA

Screening test to detect anti HIV antibodies in bloodstream

196

Immunoelectrophoresis

Test that separates immuno.

197

Viral load test

Measurement of the amount of AIDS virus in the bloodstream

198

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

199

CD4 + cell

Helper T cell

200

CD8+cell

Cytotoxic T cell

201

CMV

Cytomegalovirus

202

Crypto

Cryptococcus- causes aids related infection

203

ELISA (abbrev)

Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

204

HAART

Highly active antiretroviral therapy

205

HD

Hodgkin disease

206

Histo

Histoplasmosis

207

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

208

HSV

Herpes simplex virus

209

IL1-IL15

Interleukins

210

KS

Kaposi sarcoma

211

MAI

Mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex- group of pathogens that cause lung and systemic disease in immunocompromised patients

212

MoAb

Monoclonal antibody

213

NHL

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

214

PCP

Pneumocystis pneumonia- aids related infection

215

PI

Protease inhibitor

216

RTI

Reverse transcriptase inhibitor

217

SCID

Severe combined immunodeficiency disease

218

Treg

Regulatory T cell

219

Toxo

Toxoplasmosis - parasitic infection associated with aids