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Flashcards in Ch 14 Deck (14):
1

what was hoovers image towards the public ?

didn't help people suffering
said people needed to pick themselves up
lost election to Roosevelt
Roosevelt gave direct relief

2

direct relief

cash payments or food provided by the gov to the poor

3

how did the great depression effect farmers and city dwellers ?

city dwellers - shantytowns, soup kitchens, bread lines, picking out of garbage cans, used newspaper as blankets
farmers - moved to west coast bc of going bankrupt, no help, & low prices

4

Dust bowl

drought & severe winds
over mid west
made farms useless

5

Black Tuesday

banks ran out of money & closed, stocks crashed
people lost their entire savings

6

Bonus Army

WW1 veterans and families were promised bonus for service
protested for the money
hoover asked national guard to break them up - by gassing them which made hoover look bad

7

what were the causes of the great depression

crisis in farm sector
unequal distribution of income (rich richer poor poorer, majority poor with little to spend)
availability of credit
high tariffs & war debts

8

women struggle

men thought women shouldn't work because they took jobs from men
especially if women were married

9

what were cultural changes in the 1930s ?

role of women went from old fashioned to getting jobs and changing their appearance & etc (flappers) then to changing back

10

Hawley smoot tariff

high tariff that raised tax on imports
so high other countries stopped buying our products in protest
protect foreign competition & did the opposite

11

inventions that increased communication and growth of suburbs

radio and automobiles

12

boulder dam

called hoover dam, to supply power and transport

13

shantytowns

little towns of shacks for the poor

14

credit

buy now and pay later