Ch. 14 Anatomic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 14 Anatomic Terms Deck (14):
1

scrotum

skin-covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis

2

testis, testicle

one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone

3

sperm, spermatozoon

male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring.

4

epididymis

coiled duct on the top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission

5

penis

erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and the ducts for secretion of seminal fluid (semen)

6

glans penis

bulging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans = acorn)

7

prepuce

foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision

8

vas deferens

duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct (vas = vessel; deferens = carrying away)

9

seminal vesicle

one of two sac-like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer

10

semen

a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm (semen = seed)

11

ejaculatory duct

duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra

12

prostate gland

trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder and secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen (pro = before; stat = stand)

13

bulbourethral glands, Cowper glands

pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen

14

perineum

external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female

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