Ch. 14 Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 14 Diagnostic Terms Deck (25):
1

anorchism

absence of one or both testes

2

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

3

cryptorchism, cryptorchidism

undescended testicle

4

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

5

erectile dysfunction (ED)

failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation becasue of physical or psychologic dysfunction; formerly termed impotence (im = not; potis = able)

6

hydrocele

hernia of fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis

7

hypospadias

congential opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis (spadias = to draw away)

8

Peyronie disease

disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum, causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection

9

phimosis

a narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection; commonly requires circumcision (phimo = muzzle)

10

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

enlargement of the prostate gland, common in older men causing urinary obstruction

11

prostate cancer

malignancy of the prostate gland

12

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate

13

spermatocele

painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to, but separate from, the testicle

14

testicular cancer

malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential

15

seminoma

most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells; highly treatable with early detection

16

nonseminoma

testicular tumor arising from more mature germ cells; theses tumors have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas and often develop earlier in life; includes choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors

17

varicocele

enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis (varico = twisted vein)

18

chlamydia

most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread

19

gonorrhea

contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhea; the condition was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was first thought to be a leakage of semen (gono = seed; rrhea = discharge)

20

syphilis

sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and for bloodless ulcers called chancres

21

hepatitis B virus (HBV)

virus that causes inflammation of the liver; transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood

22

herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)

virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress

23

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid

24

human papilloma virus (HPV)

virus that causes genital warts

25

condyloma acuminatum (pl. condylomata acuminata)

genital warts

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