Ch 14 endocrine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 14 endocrine Deck (47)
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1

adren/o
adrenomegaly

adrenal glands
enlargement of adrenal glands

2

adrenal/o
adrenalectomy

adrenal glands
excision of one or both adrenal glands

3

calc/o
hypercalcemia

calcium
excessive calcium in the blood

4

crin/o
endocrinology

secrete
study of endocrine glands (and their functions)

5

gluc/o
glucogenesis

sugar, sweetness
forming or producing glucose

6

glyc/o
hypoglycemia

sugar, sweetness
abnormally low level of glucose in the blood

7

glycos/o
glycosuria

sugar, sweetness
abnormal amount of glucose in the urine

8

home/o
homeostasis

same, alike
state of equilibrium in the internal environment of the body

9

kal/i
kalemia

potassium (an electrolyte)
potassium in the blood

10

pancreat/o
pancreatotomy

pancreas
incision of the pancreas

11

parathyroid/o
parathyroidectomy

parathyroid glands
excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands

12

thym/o
thymoma

thymus gland
tumor of the thymus gland

13

thyr/o
thyromegaly

thyroid gland
enlargement of the thyroid gland

14

thyroid/o
hyperthyroidism

thyroid gland
condition of excessive thyroid gland function

15

toxic
toxicologist

poison
specialist in the study of poisons

16

crine
endocrine

secrete
secrete within

17

dipsia
polydipsia

thrist
excessive thirst

18

gen
androgen

forming, producing, origin
any steroid hormone that increases masculinization

19

toxic
thyrotoxic

pertaining to poison
pertaining to poison associated with the thyroid gland

20

uria
glycosuria

urine
glucose in the urine

21

eu
euthyroid

good, normal
resembling a normal thyroid gland

22

exo
exocrine

outside, outward
secrete outside of bloodstream

23

hyper
hyperglycemia

excessive, above normal
excessive glucose in the blood

24

hypo
hypoinsulinism

under, below
condition of deficiency of insulin

25

poly
polyuria

many, much
excessive urination

26

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic stimulating hormone

27

ADH

antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin

28

DI

diabetes insipidus; diagnostic imaging

29

DKA

diabetes ketoacidosis

30

DM

diabetes mellitus