Ch 14 Learning & Memory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 14 Learning & Memory Deck (44):
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three parts of working memory

executive control, verbal subsystem, spatial subsystem

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subsystem often used to memorize a phone number, a list of names

verbal

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subsystem for remembering information on a map, or keeping track of players during a game

spatial

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verbal substem is in blank cortical region mostly

posterior

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executive control blank resources to working memory subsystems

allocates

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neurons remain firing during blank period after seeing an object

delay

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blank region of the brain works dynamically with the blank to cause responses

frontal, somatosensory cortex

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increased demand of working memory requires greater recruitment of the blank

frontal (central executive)

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working memory is a blank cognitive ability for blank functioning

core, intellectual

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working memory can only focus on about blank components

4

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two types of long term memory

implicit, explicit (declarative)

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conscious retrieval of previous experiences or conscious recall of factual information about people, places, things

explicit

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automatic, unconscious learned responses

implicit

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flexible long term memory

explicit

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implicit memory is blank because these memories are best when conditions closely match when the learning blank

inflexible, occurred

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memory about factual information or concepts

semantic

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autobiographical memory

episodic

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relating object to other observed info that involves working memory

encoding

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maintaining this information in mind over some period of time with working memory

storage

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stabilizing information for a longer time and involves structural change

consolidation

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when stored info is recalled

retrieval

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two types of explicit memory

semantic, episodic

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side of inferior temporal region that recognizes object form

left

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easier to remember semantic information because there was recent exposure to that type of information

conceptual priming

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when conceptually primed, there is a decreased activity of the blank

pfc

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easier to remember perceptual information because of recent exposure

perceptual priming

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when perceptually primed, there is blank activity in pfc

decreased

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procedural skills and habits are blank memory

implicit

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implicit memory involves changes in these

basal ganglia, cerebellum, cortex

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example of implicit memory

learning to ride bike

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implicit memory is bad in blank patients

parkinsons (basal ganglia)

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decreased response intensity after repeated presentation of a benign stimulus

habituation

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enhanced, broadened response following experience with a noxious or intense stimulus

sensitization

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a learned association between two stimuli

pavlovs dog classical conditioning

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a learned association between a specific behavior and an event

operant conditioning

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does not produce a response of interest by itself

conditioned stimulus

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does produce a strong and consistent response

unconditioned stimulus

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example of operant conditioning

pressing a lever to get a food pellet

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forgetting location of objects or to carry out a task

absent mindedness

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temporary inaccessibility of info stored in memory (tip of the tongue)... anterior cingulate/pfc highly active

blocking

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incorrectly remembering time, place, or person in memory... creation of memories that never happened in the hippocampus

misattribution

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incorporating external information into a memory to modify memory of events

suggestibility

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altering memories based on ones general knowledge or beliefs

bias

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constant remembering of information or events even if we are not trying to remember them... like ptsd

persistence