CH 14: Terms, Abbrev., and Study Flashcards Preview

OST14N01 Med Terms II > CH 14: Terms, Abbrev., and Study > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH 14: Terms, Abbrev., and Study Deck (44):
1

Immun/o

protection

2

Lymph/o

lymph

3

Lymphaden/o

lymph node

4

Splen/o

Spleen

5

Thym/o

thymus gland

6

tox/o

poison

7

ana-

again, new

8

inter-

between

9

Substance capable of causing a specific hypersensitivity reaction in the body.

Allergen

10

Exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to a foreign protein or other substance.

Anaphylaxis

11

Hypersensitive or allergic state involving an inherited predisposition.

Atopy

12

Helper T cells that carry the CD4 protein antigen on their surface.

CD4+ cells

13

Malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue in spleen and lymph nodes. (Reed Sternberg cells are often found on microscopic analysis.)

Hodgkin Lymphoma

14

Virus that causes AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

15

Malignant lesion associated with AIDS, arises from the lining of the capillaries and appears as dark colored skin nodules.

Kaposi Sarcoma

16

Group of malignant tumors involving lymphoid tissue. Ex. follicular lymphoma and large cell lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

17

Infectious diseases associated with AIDS.

Opportunistic Infections

18

Drug that treats AIDS by blocking the production of protease, a proteolytic enzyme that helps create new viral pieces for HIV.

Protease Inhibitor

19

Drug that treats AIDS by blocking reverse transcriptase, and enzyme needed to make copies of HIV.

Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (RTI)

20

Weight loss, decrease in muscular strength, appetite, and mental activity associated with AIDS.

Wasting Syndrome

21

AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

22

CD4+ cell

Helper T cell

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CD8+ cell

Cytotoxic T cell

24

CMV

cytomegalovirus, causes AIDS related opportunistic infections

25

Crypto

Cryptococcus, causes AIDS related opportunistic infections

26

ELISA

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, test to detect anti-HIV antibodies.

27

G-CSF

Granuloctye Colony-Stimulating Factor

28

GM-CSF

Granulocyte-Microphage Colony-Stimulating Factor

29

HAART

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, use of combinations of drugs that are effective against AIDS.

30

Histo

Histoplasmosis, fungal infection seen in AIDS patients

31

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

32

HSV

Herpes Simplex Virus

33

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

Immunoglobulins

34

IL1 to IL38

interleukins

35

KS

Kaposi Sarcoma

36

MAI

Mycobacterium Avium-Intacellulare complex, group of pathogens that cause lung and systemic disease in immunocompromised patients.

37

MoAb

Monoclonal Antibody

38

NHL

non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

39

PCP

Pneumocystis Pneumonia, opportunist AIDS related infection.

40

PI

Protease Inhibitor

41

RTI

Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor

42

SCID

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease

43

Treg

regulatory T cell

44

Toxo

Toxoplasmosis, parasitic infection associated with AIDS.