Ch 15 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 15 Deck (119):
0

Calc/o, calci/o

Calcium

1

Kyph/o

Humpback, hunchback

2

Lamin/o

Lamina

3

Lord/o

Curve, swayback

4

Lumb/o

Loins, lower back

5

Myel/o

Bone marrow

6

Orth/o

Straight

7

Oste/o

Bone

8

Scoli/o

Crooked, bent

9

Spondyl/o

Vertebra

10

Vertebr/o

Vertebra

11

-blast

Embryonic or immature cell

12

-clast

To break

13

-malacia

Softening

14

-physis

To grow

15

-porosis

Pore, passage

16

-tome

Instrument to cut

17

Clavicul/o

Clavicle (collar bone)

18

Cost/o

Ribs

19

Crani/o

Cranium (skull)

20

Femor/o

Femur (thigh bone)

21

Fibul/o

Fibula (smaller lower leg bone)

22

Humer/o

Humerus (upper arm bone)

23

Ili/o

Ilium (upper part of the pelvic bone)

24

Ischi/o

Ischium ( posterior part of the pelvic bone)

25

Malleol/o

Malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)

26

Mandibul/o

Mandible (lower jawbone)

27

Maxill/o

Maxilla (upper jawbone)

28

Metacarp/o

Metacarpals (hand bones)

29

Metatars/o

Metatarsals (foot bones)

30

Olecran/o

Olecranon (elbow)

31

Patell/o

Patella (kneecap)

32

Pelv/i

Pelvis (hipbone)

33

Perone/o

Fibula

34

Phalang/o

Phalanges (finger and/or toe bones)

35

Pub/o

Pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)

36

Radi/o

Radius (forearm bone-thumb side)

37

Scapul/o

Scapula (shoulder blade)

38

Stern/o

Sternum (breastbone)

39

Tars/o

Tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)

40

Tibi/o

Tibia (shin bone)

41

Uln/o

Ulna (forearm bone-little finger side)

42

Ankyl/o

Stiff

43

Arthr/o

Joint

44

Articul/o

Joint

45

Burs/o

Bursa

46

Chondr/o

Cartilage

47

Ligament/o

Ligament

48

Rheumat/o

Watery flow

49

Synov/o

Synovial membrane

50

Ten/o

Tendon

51

Tendin/o

Tendon

52

-desis

To bind, tie together

53

-stenosis

Narrowing

54

Fasci/o

Fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)

55

Fibr/o

Fibrous connective tissue

56

Leiomy/o

Smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs

57

My/o

Muscle

58

Myocardi/o

Heart muscle

59

Myos/o

Muscle

60

Plant/o

Sole of the foot

61

Rhabdomy/o

Skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones

62

Sarc/o

Muscle and flesh

63

-asthenia

Lack of strength

64

-trophy

Development, nourishment

65

Ab-

Away from

66

Ad-

Toward

67

Dorsi-

Back

68

Poly-

Many, much

69

Detects an antibody present in serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other autoimmune diseases

Antinuclear antibody tests (ANA)

70

Measures time it takes for erythrocytes to settle to the bottom of a test tube

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

71

Serum is tested for the presence of an antibody found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid factor test (RF)

72

Measurement of calcium level in serum

Serum calcium

73

Measurement of the enzyme creatine kinase in serum

Serum creatine kinase

74

Measurement of Uric acid in serum

Uric acid test

75

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space

Arthrocentesis

76

Taking x-Ray images after injection of contrast material into a joint

Arthrography

77

Surgical repair or replacement of a joint

Arthroplasty

78

Visual examination of a joint with an arthroscope and television camera

Arthroscopy

79

Low-energy x-Ray absorption in bones of the spinal column, pelvis, and wrist is used to measure bone mass

Bone density test

80

Uptake of a radioactive is measured in bone

Bone scan

81

X-ray beam and computer provide cross-sectional and other images

CT computed tomography

82

X-ray examination of cervical or lumbar intervertebral disk after injection of contrast into nucleus pulposus (interior of the disk)

Diskography

83

Recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation

Electromyography (EMG)

84

Magnetic field creates images of soft tissue

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

85

Removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination.

Muscle biopsy

86

AC

Acromioclavicular (joint)

87

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament of the knee

88

ANA

Antinuclear antibody

89

BKA

Below-knee amputation

90

BMD

Bone mineral density

91

C1-C7

Cervical vertebrae

92

CK

Creatine kinase

93

CMC

Carpometacarpal

94

CTS

Carpal tunnel syndrome

95

DEXA or DXA

Dual-energy x-Ray absorptiometry

96

DMARD

Disease modifying antirheumatic dug

97

DO

Doctor of osteopathy

98

DTRs

Deep tendon reflexes

99

EMG

Electromyography

100

ESR (sed rate)

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

101

HNP

Herniated nucleus pulposus

102

IM

Intramuscular

103

L1 to L5

Lumbar vertebrae

104

NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

105

OA

Osteoarthritis

106

ORIF

Open reduction (of fracture)/internal fixation

107

Ortho

Orthopedics

108

OT

Occupational therapy

109

P

Phosphorus

110

PT

Physical therapy

111

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

112

RF

Rheumatoid factor

113

ROM

Range of motion

114

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

115

T1 to T12

Thoracic vertebrae

116

TKR

Total knee replacement/Arthroplasty

117

THR

Total hip replacement/Arthroplasty

118

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint