ch 15 Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > ch 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ch 15 Deck (100):
1

myocari/o

myocardium

2

ankyl/o

crooked

3

ab-

away from

4

-blast

embryonic

5

-malacia

softening

6

-clast

to break

7

radi/o

x-rays

8

calc/o

calcium

9

cost/o

rib

10

-listhesis

slipping

11

fasci/o

fascia

12

myel/o

spinal cord

13

leiomy/o

smooth muscle

14

lumb/o

lower back

15

mandibul/o

mandible

16

-physis

to grow

17

sphen/o

wedge

18

spondyl/o

veretbrae

19

fissure

narrow groove

20

foramen

opening for BV and nerves

21

fossa

shallow cavity

22

temporal bone

ears (mountains)

23

spheniod bone

migrane (butterfly)

24

ethmoid bone

behind nose (crista galli)

25

maxillary bone

pores to gums

26

zygomatic bones

cheekbones

27

vomer bone

middle of nose (bottom)

28

frontal sinus

ash wed

29

ethmoid sinus

small holes behind nose

30

sphenoidal sinus

deepest sinus

31

maxillary sinus

behind pores

32

lamina

dips b/w transverse and spinous process

33

neural canal

hole in veretbrae

34

cervical vertebrae

C1-C7

35

throacic vertebrae

T1-T12

36

Lumbar verebrae

L1-L5

37

kyph/o

hunchback

38

lord/o

curve

39

-porosis

pore

40

-tome

instrument to cut

41

perone/o

fibula

42

ewing sarcoma

rare malignant tumor in bone (Children)

43

exostosis

benign bony groth from surface of bone

44

osteogenic sarcoma

common malignant tumor from osteoblasts (children)

45

osteomalacia

softening of bone

46

osteomyelitis

imflammation of bone and bone marrow after infection

47

osteoperosis

decrease in bone density

48

talipes

congenital abnormality in hindfoot

49

simple fx

not break skin

50

compound fx

breaks skin

51

comminuted fx

many pieces

52

greenstick fx

bent but doesnt break

53

colles fx

wrist

54

compression fx

compressed

55

ORIF

open reduction with internal fixation

56

arthr/o

joint

57

articul/o

joint

58

chondr/o

cartilage

59

burs/o

bursa

60

rheumet/o

watery flow

61

ten/o

tendon

62

synov/o

synovial membrane

63

tendin/o

tendon

64

-desis

to bind

65

-stenosis

narrowing

66

ankylosing spondilitis

chronic w/stiffening of spinal joints

67

gouty arthiritis

excessive uric acid

68

osteoarthiritis

degenerative joint disease

69

rheumatoid arthritis

autoimmune rxn against joint tissue

70

lyme disease

tick

71

systemic lupus

autoimmune (butterfly rash)

72

skeletal muscle

striated

73

smooth muscle

one nucleus per fiber

74

cardiac muscle

Y shaped

75

glute max

-abd/ext/ext rot leg

76

quad

extends knee

77

hams

-flex knee
-extend hip
M-L
-semimembranosis
-bicep femoris
-semitendinosis

78

gatroc

-knee flex
-plantar

79

soleus

plantar

80

deltoid

flex/ext/abd sh

81

traps

elevate sh

82

masseter

closes jaw

83

temporalis

closes jaw

84

occipitofrontalis

eb^

85

orbicularis oculi

closes eyes

86

sternocleidomastoid

turns head

87

triceps brachii

ext forearm/add arm

88

triceps brachii

ext forearm/add armarm

89

rhabdomy/o

skeletal muscle connected to bones

90

sarc/o

muscle and flesh

91

-asthenia

lack of strength

92

-trophy

development

93

molymyositis

chronic inflammatory myopathy

94

antinuclear antibody test (ANA)

-detect antibodies w/ lupus

95

erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

RBC settle to the bottom

96

rheumatoid factor test (RF)

antibody w/ rheumatoid arthiritis

97

serum calcium (Ca)

measures CA

98

serum creatine kinase

measures CK

99

bone scane

radioactive

100

computed tomography (CT)

Xray cross section