Ch. 15 Gynecologic Diagnostic Terms: General Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 15 Gynecologic Diagnostic Terms: General > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 15 Gynecologic Diagnostic Terms: General Deck (31):
1

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

2

congenital anomalies/ irregularities

birth defects

3

dermoid cyst

congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue

4

displacement of uterus

displacement of the uterus from the normal position

5

anteflexion

abnormal forward bending of the uterus (ante = before; flexus = bend)

6

retroflexion

abnormal backward bending of the uterus

7

retroversion

backward turn of the whole uterus; also called a tipped uterus

8

endometriosis

condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity

9

endometritis

inflammation of the endometrium

10

fibroid, fibromyoma, leiomyoma

benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue

11

fistula

abnormal passage from one hallow organ to another (fistula = pipe)

12

rectovaginal fistula

abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum

13

vesicovaginal fistula

abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina

14

cervical neoplasia

abnormal development of cervical tissue cells

15

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue of the cervix, graded according to the extent of abnormal cell
CIN-1: mild dysplasia
CIN-2: moderate dysplasia
CIN-3: severe dysplasia

16

carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix

malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized, without any spread to adjacent structures

17

menopause

cessation of menstrual periods caused by lack of ovarian hormones

18

oophoritis

inflammation of one or both ovaries

19

parovarian cyst

cyst of the uterine tube

20

pelvic adhesions

scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity resulting from endometriosis, infection or injury

21

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

inflammation of organs in the pelvic cavity; usually includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium; most often caused by bacteria

22

pelvic floor relaxation

relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs

23

cystocele

pouching of the bladder into the vagina

24

rectocele

pouching of the rectum into the vagina

25

enterocele

pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and the rectum

26

urethrocele

pouching of the urethra into the vagina

27

prolapse

descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal

28

salpingitis

inflammation of a fallopian tube

29

vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina with redness, swelling, and irritation; often caused by a specific organism, such as Candida or Trichomonas

30

atrophic vaginitis

thinning of the vagina and loss of moisture because of depletion of estrogen, which causes inflammation of tissue

31

vaginosis

infection of the vagina, with little or no inflammation, characterized by a milk-like discharge and unpleasant odor; also known as nonspecific vaginitis

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