Ch 15 Lec 2 - Human Brain Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Ch 15 Lec 2 - Human Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 15 Lec 2 - Human Brain Deck (62):
1

this means tiny person

homunculus

2

four sensory cortexes

visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory

3

sensory cortex in occipital lobe

visual

4

auditory cortex is in the blank lobe

temporal

5

one associated with most large motor or sensory cortexes

association areas

6

four association areas

somatic sensory, somatic motor, visual, auditory

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association area that you can train in your brain

somatic motor

7

high order integrative regions

cerebral regions

8

cerebral region that is for abstract intellectual function like predictions and problem solving

prefrontal cortex

9

prefrontal cortex controls blank context and blank

emotional, motivation

10

timing is another thing done by the blank

prefrontal cortex

11

a removal of the prefrontal cortex of the brain

prefrontal lobotomy

12

people who have blank or blank have trouble with emotional context

ausberger's, autism

13

cerebral region that regulates breathing and vocalization

broca's speech center

14

broca's speech center works with the blank

general interpretive area

15

cerebral region that is for interpretation of both written and verbal language and detects sentence structure and word linkage

general interpretive area

16

damage to either of the cerebral regions results in some sort of blank

aphasia

17

higher order integrative regions may be different between blank

hemispheres

18

hemisphere that speech, writing, and general interpretive area

categorical

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hemisphere that is for identification of familiar objects, touch, spatial analysis, and emotional relevance

representational

20

blank people tend to have their categorical hemisphere on the blank and vice versa

right-handed, left

21

masses of gray matter deep in cerebral hemisphere

basal nuclei

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basal nuclei act as a blank station for motor impulses starting in cerebral cortex and passing to blank and blank

relay, brain stem, spinal cord

22

two basal nuclei

claustrum, lentiform nucleus

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basal nuclei that focuses visual attention

claustrum

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basal nuclei that processes unconscious visual info

claustrum

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basal nuclei that controls and adjusts muscle tone

lentiform nucleus

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two more basal nuclei

caudate nucleus, amygdaloid nucleus

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basal nuclei that has a massive head and slender tail

caudate nucleus

28

the caudate nucleus maintains blank and blank of movement

pattern, rhythm

29

basal nuclei that is at the tip of the caudate tail

amygdaloid nucleus

30

amygdaloid nucleus is part of the blank system

limbic

31

four parts of the diencephalon

epithalamus, posterior pituitary gland, thalamus, hypothalamus

32

called the pineal gland and produces melatonin

epithalamus

33

diencephalon part that is central to the cerebrum

thalamus

34

two major blanks of the thalamus

bodies

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thalamus is part of the blank system

limbic

36

all blank has to go through the thalamus

information

37

thalamus connects blank and blank

basal nuclei, cerebral cortex

38

the thalamus sends blank information to proper location within cerebrum

sensory

39

the hypothalamus is located blank

below thalamus

40

the hypothalamus is above and connected to the posterior blank

pituitary gland

41

hypothalamus does blank control of skeletal muscle

subconscious

42

hypothalamus blank autonomic nervous system

coordinates

43

hypothalamus is the connection between the blank and blank systems

endocrine, nervous

44

the hypothalamus directly produces blank

hormones

45

the hypothalamus produces blank drives

behavioral

46

hypothalamus regulates blank

body temperature

47

hypothalamus controls sleep patterns like blank

circadian rhythms

48

part of the brain that is called the midbrain and connects the brain stem and spinal cord with higher areas

mesencephalon

49

mesencephalon act as blank centers

relay

50

mesencephalon contain blank that connects third and fourth ventricles

cerebral aqueduct

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parts of the mesencephalon (4)

cerebral peduncles, red nucleus, substantia nigra, corpora quadrigemina

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part of mesencephalon that contains only blank fibers and no nuclei

connecting, cerebral peduncles

53

part of mesencephalon that is highly vascularized and connects the cerebrum to the cerebellum

red nucleus

54

two things that the red nucleus controls

posture, reflexes

55

part of mesencephalon that controls and integrates the motor output of the basal nuclei

substantia nigra

56

substantia nigra produces blank

dopamine

57

deterioration of the substantia nigra may lead to blank

parkinson's disease

58

loss of control of voluntary motor function

parkinson's disease

61

olfactory cortex is located in the blank lobe

temporal

62

gustatory cortex is located in the blank lobe

insula and frontal