Ch. 15 "What Is Freedom?": Reconstruction, 1865–1877 Pt. 3 Flashcards Preview

History 102 > Ch. 15 "What Is Freedom?": Reconstruction, 1865–1877 Pt. 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 15 "What Is Freedom?": Reconstruction, 1865–1877 Pt. 3 Deck (18):
1

During Reconstruction, some 2,000 African Americans held _____ ______, among them fourteen in the United States ______ __ __________ and two ____ ________

public office
House of Representatives
U.S. Senators

2

During ___________, some 2,000 African Americans held public office, among them fourteen in the United States House of Representatives and two U.S. Senators

Reconstruction

3

True or False: Among the important accomplishments of Reconstruction in state governments was the establishment of the South’s first state-supported public schools.

True

4

True or False: During Reconstruction, a number of state governments initiated civil rights legislation that made it illegal for railroads, hotels, and other institutions to discriminate on the basis of race.

True

5

True or False: The Reconstruction governments helped turn the South into a vibrant and successful hub of dynamic and expansive economic growth, allowing many African Americans to escape from poverty.

False

6

True or False: While corruption was almost nonexistent in the North, it was rampant in the South.

False

7

True or False: Opposition to Reconstruction resulted from the distaste many southerners had for tax increases to fund public schools and other mandated improvements, and also because many white southerners could not accept black Americans voting, holding office, and enjoying equality before the law.

True

8

The ___ _____ _____ was founded in 1866 as a social club in Tennessee and served, in effect, as a military arm of the Democratic Party.

Ku Klux Klan

9

The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866 as a _____ _____ in Tennessee and served, in effect, as a ______ _____ of the Democratic Party.

social club
military arm

10

The Ku Klux Klan was founded in _____ as a social club in __________ and served, in effect, as a military arm of the __________ Party.

1866
Tennessee
Democratic

11

In 1873, the country was plunged into an ________ __________ and support among __________ for further reforms in the South weakened.

economic depression
Republicans

12

In the ____________ ______ (1873), the Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment had not altered traditional federalism.

Slaughterhouse Cases

13

In the Slaughterhouse Cases (1873), the Supreme Court ruled that the _________ __________ had not altered traditional federalism.

Fourteenth Amendment

14

In the Slaughterhouse Cases (_____), the Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment had not altered _________ ________.

1873
traditional federalism

15

True or False: Redeemers saved the South from the corrupt ways of Reconstruction politics and “redeemed” the South for fair and equal treatment for all Americans.

False

16

True or False: Black Americans continued to hold offices in the South into the 1890s.

True

17

The _____ _____ era of the 1950s and 1960s is sometimes called the Second Reconstruction.

Civil Rights

18

The Civil Rights era of the 1950s and 1960s is sometimes called the _______ ____________.

Second Reconstruction