ch 17/19 Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > ch 17/19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ch 17/19 Deck (129):
1

anterior chamber

area behind cornea and in front of lens/iris

2

biconvex

rounded/elevated/curved

3

choroid

middle vascular layer of the eye

4

conjunctiva

delicate membrane lining the eyelids

5

cornea

clear tissue on front of eyeball

6

fovea centralis

depression in back of eyeball (clearest vision)

7

fundus of eye

post/inner part of eye

8

iris

colored part

9

lens

bends light

10

macula

yellowish region on retina

11

optic chiasm

point which optic nerve fibers cross the brain

12

optic disc

where optic nerve meets retina (blind spot)

13

optic nerve

carry impulses to the brain

14

pupil

central opening of the eye

15

refraction

bending of light

16

retina

light sensitive nerve

17

rod

vision in low light

18

sclera

white outer coat of eyeball

19

thlamus

relay center of the brain

20

vitreous humor

jelly

21

blephar/o

eyelid

22

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva

23

cor/o

pupil

24

cycl/o

ciliary body

25

dacry/o

tears

26

irid/o

iris

27

kerat/o

cornea

28

lacrim/o

tears

29

ocul/o

eye

30

ophthalam/o

eye

31

palpebr/o

eyelid

32

papill/o

optic disk

33

phac/o

lens of the eye

34

uve/o

uvea

35

vitre/o

glassy

36

ambyl/o

dull

37

dipl/o

double

38

glauc/o

gray

39

mi/o

smaller

40

mydr/o

widen

41

nyct/o

night

42

phot/o

light

43

presby/o

old age

44

scot/o

darkness

45

xer/o

dry

46

-opia

vision

47

-opsia

vision

48

-tropia

turn

49

astigmatism

curvature

50

hyperopia

far sightedness

51

myopia

near sightedness

52

presbyopia

impaired vision from old age

53

cataract

cloudy

54

chalazion

small hard cystic mass

55

glaucoma

^pressure

56

hordelum

stye/staph

57

nystagmus

repetitive movements of eyes

58

strabismus

abnormal deviation of the eye

59

blepharitis

inflamed eyelid

60

dacryocytis

duct infection

61

ectropion

outward sagging

62

entropin

inversion of eyelid

63

hordeolum

white nodule

64

ptosis

drooping

65

xanthelasma

raised yellowish plaque

66

enucleation

remove eyeball

67

keratoplasty

repair cornea

68

phacoemulsification

ultrasound vibrations

69

auditory canal

channel from pinna to eardrum

70

auditory meatus

aud canal

71

auditory tube

channel b/w middle ear and nasopharynx

72

auricle

flap of ear

73

cerumen

wax

74

cochlea

snail

75

endolymph

fluid w/i labyrinth

76

etruschi tube

aud tube

77

incus

second small bone of middle ear

78

malleus

1st small bone of middle ear

79

organ of corti

sensitive auditory receptive area

80

oval window

memb b/w middle and inner ear

81

pinna

auricle

82

semicircular canal

passages in inner ear

83

stapes

3rd bone

84

tympanic memb

meme b/w outer and middle ear

85

vestibule

central cavity of labyrinth

86

acous/o

hearing

87

aur/o

ear

88

myring/o

eardrum

89

slaping/o

eustachian

90

tympan/o

eardrum

91

-acusis

hearing

92

-otia

ear condition

93

meniere

disorder of labyrinth

94

cystic

large spaces with fluid

95

fungating

mushrooming pattern

96

medullary

large/fleshy

97

polypoid

projections

98

verrucous

wart-like

99

alveolar

sacs

100

in situ

localized

101

dysplastic

not clearly cancer

102

epidermoid

squamous

103

folllicular

small glandular scas

104

pleomorphic

variety of cells

105

scirrhous

densely packed

106

el bloc treatment

surround lymph nodes

107

exenteration

take tumor and part of organ

108

fulguration

sparks

109

brachytherapy

seeds

110

anaplasia

loss of differention of cells

111

antimetabolites

block synthesis of DNA

112

apoptisis

programmed cell death

113

mesenchymal

embryonic conn tissues

114

neoplasm

new growth

115

palliative

relive but not cure

116

cac/o

bad

117

cauter/o

burn

118

follicl/o

small glandular sacs

119

medull/o

soft

120

mut/a

genetic change

121

ple/o

many

122

prot/o

first

123

scirrhi/o

hard

124

-blastoma

immature tumor

125

-plasia

forming

126

tele-

far

127

brachy-

short

128

apo-

off

129

epi-

upon