Ch 18 Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Ch 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 18 Deck (24):
1

Drug use on nutritional status

Stimulated or suppressed appetites

Decrease intestinal absorption

Increase renal absorption

Interference with enzymes or carrier

Hormone effects

Drug delivery

Drug formulation

2

Drugs that stimulate appetite

Antihistamines

Anti anxiety drugs

Tricyclic antidepressants

Insulin

Steroids

3

Drugs depress appetite

Selective serotonin reputable inhibitors (SSRIs)

Amphetamines

Alcohol

4

Amitriptyline drug

Decrease salivary flow

Dry mouth and sour or metallic taste

5

Clarithromycin

Antibiotic

Bitter taste

6

Primary malabsorption

Drugs bind with vitamins

Alcohol use


Laxatives

7

Secondary malabsorption

Changes in intentional tissue

Steatorrhea and failure to absorb vitamins

-lack vitamin D = calcium deficiency
-methotrexate is folic acid antagonist

8

Mineral depletion

Alcohol (decrease K, Mg, Zinc)

Antacids (phosphate deficiency)

Aspirin (iron deficiency)

9

Vitamin depletion

Drugs can be antagonists

Metabolic reactions

Ex. Warfarin and vitamin K
Methotrexate and folate
Pyrimethamine and folate

10

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

Increase vascular effect of simple amines

Low-tyramine diet

11

Flushing reaction

Medications can cause flushing reaction when mixed with alcohol

Hypotonic sedatives, antihistamines, phenothiazines, narcotic analgesics

12

Hypoglycemia

Control type 2 diabetes

Increase insulin

Decrease blood glucose

Enhanced with alcohol

13

Disulfiram reaction

Treat alcoholism

Unpleasant effects with alcohol

14

Nutritional status: absorption

Absorption slowed by malnourished ppl

Elimination slowed by well-nourished ppl

15

Aspirin

Absorption is decreased or delayed by food

Empty stomach with cold water

Enhanced with caffeine

Reduce transient ischemic attacks (TIMs) and little strokes

Reduce risk for myocardial infarction

Sleep aid

Anticoagulant

16

Tetracycline

Impaired absorption with malnutrition

Milk, antacids, iron supp bind

17

Phenytoin

Proteins inhibit absorption

Carbohydrates increase absorption

18

Licorice

Sodium retention

Hypertension

Europe: gastric ulcers

19

Carbohydrate and fats

Influence liver enzymes that metabolize drugs

20

Riboflavin

Treat boric acid poisoning

21

Vitamin E

Pulmonary oxygen toxicity

Premature infants undergoing oxygen treatment

22

Paresthesia

Abnormal sensations

Prickling, burning, crawling of skin

23

Flushing reaction

Short term


Redness of neck and face

24

Indoles

Produced by intestines

Decomposition of tryptophan

Oil of jasmine and clove